Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an infectious disease with a high fatality rate, caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV). Because little is known about the nature of SFTSV, basic studies are required for the developments of vaccines and effective therapies. In the present study, we identified the amino acid residue important for membrane fusion induced by the SFTSV glycoprotein (GP). Syncytium formations were observed in cells expressing the GPs of SFTSV Japanese strain (YG-1 and SPL030). In contrast, no or only weak syncytium formations were induced in cells expressing GP of SFTSV Chinese strain (HB29). The replacement of arginine at amino acid residue 962 with serine in HB29 GP (R962S) induced membrane fusion, while the replacement of serine at residue 962 with arginine in YG1 GP (S962R) did not. These data indicate that serine at residue 962 in the SFTSV-GP is critical for inducing membrane fusion and viral infection.
This article was published in the following journal.
Cobra venom factor (CVF) is the complement-activating protein in cobra venom. CVF is a structural and functional analog of complement component C3. CVF, like C3b, forms a convertase with factor B. Thi...
1,2-indanedione is used for latent fingerprint visualization on porous surfaces. In this paper, fluorescence spectra of 1,2-indanedione after reacting with 21 individual amino acids present in latent ...
Variations in the potential glycosylation sites were observed in hemagglutinin (HA) sequences of H9N2 avian influenza virus isolated in China, deposited in the Influenza Virus Resource of NCBI before ...
Apicomplexan parasites are auxotrophic for a range of amino acids which must be salvaged from their host cells, either through direct uptake or degradation of host proteins. Here, we describe a family...
We recently revealed that a previously unknown pathway for peptidoglycan biosynthesis operates in some microorganisms, including Xanthomonas oryzae. It involves two enzymes, MurD2 and MurL, which cata...
ATP is generated mainly through anaerobic metabolism during strenuous exercise, which is then followed by the generation of lactic acid. However, this process can only be maintained for a ...
Zinc may be absorbed from diet via zinc transporter mediated pathways, or, when coupled with amino acids, via amino acid transporter pathways. When zinc is coupled with amino acids in diet...
This study of the tolerance and acceptability of an amino acid based feed will assess gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance, product intake and acceptability in relation to taste, smell, texture...
Background 2L polyethylene glycol plus ascorbic acid (PEGA) is known to be as effective as standard 4L polyethylene glycol for bowel preparation. However, the volume of this regimen is sti...
Sepsis remains a major cause of death in developed countries. A better understanding of the mechanisms involved in the regulation of inflammatory and immune response of patients with sever...
SNARE proteins where the central amino acid residue of the SNARE motif is an ARGININE. They are classified separately from the Q-SNARE PROTEINS where the central amino acid residue of the SNARE motif is a GLUTAMINE. This subfamily contains the vesicle associated membrane proteins (VAMPs) based on similarity to the prototype for the R-SNAREs, VAMP2 (synaptobrevin 2).
A heterodimeric protein that is a cell surface antigen associated with lymphocyte activation. The initial characterization of this protein revealed one identifiable heavy chain (FUSION REGULATORY PROTEIN 1, HEAVY CHAIN) and an indeterminate smaller light chain. It is now known that a variety of light chain subunits (FUSION REGULATORY PROTEIN 1, LIGHT CHAINS) can dimerize with the heavy chain. Depending upon its light chain composition a diverse array of functions can be found for this protein. Functions include: type L amino acid transport, type y+L amino acid transport and regulation of cellular fusion.
SNARE proteins in which the central amino acid residue of the SNARE motif is a GLUTAMINE. They are classified separately from the R-SNARE PROTEINS where the central amino acid residue of the SNARE motif is an ARGININE. Subfamilies, the QA-SNARES; QB-SNARES; and QC-SNARES are grouped by the position of their SNARE motif-containing-domains in the SNARE complex and by their sequence similarities.
Enzymes that act at a free C-terminus of a polypeptide to liberate a single amino acid residue.
A subclass of EXOPEPTIDASES that act on the free N terminus end of a polypeptide liberating a single amino acid residue. EC 3.4.11.
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...