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Identification of the amino acid residue important for fusion of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus glycoprotein.

08:00 EDT 27th June 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Identification of the amino acid residue important for fusion of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus glycoprotein."

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an infectious disease with a high fatality rate, caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV). Because little is known about the nature of SFTSV, basic studies are required for the developments of vaccines and effective therapies. In the present study, we identified the amino acid residue important for membrane fusion induced by the SFTSV glycoprotein (GP). Syncytium formations were observed in cells expressing the GPs of SFTSV Japanese strain (YG-1 and SPL030). In contrast, no or only weak syncytium formations were induced in cells expressing GP of SFTSV Chinese strain (HB29). The replacement of arginine at amino acid residue 962 with serine in HB29 GP (R962S) induced membrane fusion, while the replacement of serine at residue 962 with arginine in YG1 GP (S962R) did not. These data indicate that serine at residue 962 in the SFTSV-GP is critical for inducing membrane fusion and viral infection.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Virology
ISSN: 1096-0341
Pages: 102-110

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SNARE proteins where the central amino acid residue of the SNARE motif is an ARGININE. They are classified separately from the Q-SNARE PROTEINS where the central amino acid residue of the SNARE motif is a GLUTAMINE. This subfamily contains the vesicle associated membrane proteins (VAMPs) based on similarity to the prototype for the R-SNAREs, VAMP2 (synaptobrevin 2).

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