Tiger frog virus ORF104R interacts with cellular VDAC2 to inhibit cell apoptosis.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Tiger frog virus ORF104R interacts with cellular VDAC2 to inhibit cell apoptosis."

Ranaviruses belong to the family Iridoviridae, and have become a serious threat to both farmed and natural populations of fish and amphibians. Previous reports showed that ranaviruses could encode viral Bcl-2 family-like proteins (vBcl-2), which play a critical role in the regulation of cell apoptosis. However, the mechanism of ranaviruses vBcl-2 interactions with host protein in mediating apoptosis remains unknown. Tiger frog virus (TFV) belonging to the genus Ranavirus has been isolated from infected tadpoles of Rana tigrina rugulosa, and it causes a high mortality rate among tiger frog tadpoles cultured in southern China. This study elucidated the molecular mechanism underlying the interaction of TFV ORF104R with the VDAC2 protein to regulate cell apoptosis. TFV ORF104R is highly similar to other ranaviruses vBcl-2 and host Mcl-1 proteins, indicating that TFV ORF104R is a postulate vBcl-2 protein. Transcription and protein expression levels showed that TFV orf104r was a late viral gene. Western blot results suggested that TFV ORF104R was a viral structural protein. Subcellular localization analysis indicated that TFV ORF104R was predominantly colocalized with the mitochondria. Overexpressed TFV ORF104R could suppress the release of cytochrome C and the activities of caspase-9 and caspase-3. These results indicated that TFV ORF104R might play an important role in anti-apoptosis. Furthermore, the interaction between TFV ORF104R and VDAC2 was detected by co-immunoprecipitation in vitro. The above observations suggest that the molecular mechanism of TFV-regulated anti-apoptosis is through the interaction of TFV ORF104R with the VDAC2 protein. Our study provided a mechanistic basis for the ranaviruses vBcl-2-mediated inhibition of apoptosis and improved the understanding on how TFV subverts host defense mechanisms in vivo.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Fish & shellfish immunology
ISSN: 1095-9947


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