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Alcohol in Traumatic Brain Injury: Toxic or Therapeutic?

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Alcohol in Traumatic Brain Injury: Toxic or Therapeutic?"

Alcohol (EtOH) poses a challenge in traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) given its metabolic and neurologic impact. Studies have had opposing results regarding mortality and complication rates in the intoxicated TBI patient. We hypothesized that trauma mechanism, brain injury severity, and blood alcohol concentration (BAC) would influence the impact of EtOH on mortality in TBI.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of surgical research
ISSN: 1095-8673
Pages: 196-204

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)

A form of acquired brain injury which occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain.

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Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)

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