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Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. is a perennial woody vine member of the Celastraceae family. As a traditional Chinese medicine, it contains complex chemical components and exerts various pharmacological activities. In the present study, we identified a glucosyltransferase, TwUGT1, that can catalyze the synthesis of an abietane-type diterpene glucoside, namely, triptophenolide14-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, and investigated the pharmacological activity of triptophenolide glucoside in diverse cancer cells. Triptophenolide glucoside exhibited significant inhibitory effects on U87-MG, U251, C6, MCF-7, HeLa, K562, and RBL-2H3 cells as determined by pharmacological analysis. The triptophenolide glucoside content of T. wilfordii was analyzed using Agilent Technologies 6490 Triple Quad LC/MS. The glucosyltransferase TwUGT1 belongs to subfamily 88 and group E in family 1. Molecular docking and site-directed mutagenesis of TwUGT1 revealed that the His30, Asp132, Phe134, Thr154, Ala370, Leu376, Gly382, His387, Glu395 and Gln412 residues play crucial roles in the catalytic activity of triptophenolide 14-O-glucosyltransferase. In addition, TwUGT1 was also capable of glucosylating phenolic hydroxyl groups, such as those in liquiritigenin, pinocembrin, 4-methylumbelliferone, phloretin, and rhapontigenin.
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This paper developed a novel, sensitive, and selective ultra-performance liquid chromatography-triple quad mass spectrometry method to simultaneously determine seven effective constituents (triptolide...
The genus Tripterygium belongs to the family Celastraceae, and contains three species, i.e. Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. F, Tripterygium hypoglaucum (Levl.) Hutch. and Tripterygium regelii Sprague et ...
Atopic eczema is a common and recrudescent skin disorder. Tripterygium agents (TA), extracted from Tripterygium wilfordii hook F, a traditional Chinese medicine, have been used as a supplemental thera...
The Tripterygium glycosides (TG) is the main active extractive of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F and is widely used in clinical practice to treat inflammatory diseases (including inflammatory bowel dis...
The monoterpene linalool is a major contributor to aroma and flavor in peach (Prunus persica) fruit. It accumulates during fruit ripening, where up to ~40% of the compound is present in a nonvolatile ...
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy of prednisone and tripterygium wilfordii in treated Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS).
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that results in a chronic inflammatory disorder that may affect many synovial joints, and may cause serious disability. It has been confi...
In this 24-week, multi-center, randomized, double-blind study, the investigators will evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of subcutaneously injected Yisaipu, a Tumor Necrosis Factor R...
Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF), a traditional Chinese herb, is widely used in China for treating Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), but limited only for elderly RA patients because of its re...
The purpose of this study is: To explore the potential role of Tripterygium wilfordii plus steroid in the treatment of membranous nephropathy. To investigate the safety and tolerability o...
1,4-alpha-D-Glucan-1,4-alpha-D-glucan 4-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase/dextrin 6 alpha-D-glucanohydrolase. An enzyme system having both 4-alpha-glucanotransferase (EC 22.214.171.124) and amylo-1,6-glucosidase (EC 126.96.36.199) activities. As a transferase it transfers a segment of a 1,4-alpha-D-glucan to a new 4-position in an acceptor, which may be glucose or another 1,4-alpha-D-glucan. As a glucosidase it catalyzes the endohydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-D-glucoside linkages at points of branching in chains of 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues. Amylo-1,6-glucosidase activity is deficient in glycogen storage disease type III.
A plant genus of the family CELASTRACEAE that is a source of triterpenoids and diterpene epoxides such as triptolide.
A plant genus of the family LAMIACEAE that contains isoscutellarein-7-O-(allosyl(1-2)glucoside).
A flavoprotein enzyme that catalyzes the formation of acetolactate from 2 moles of PYRUVATE in the biosynthesis of VALINE and the formation of acetohydroxybutyrate from pyruvate and alpha-ketobutyrate in the biosynthesis of ISOLEUCINE. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 188.8.131.52.
An enzyme that catalyzes the formation of carbamoyl phosphate from ATP, carbon dioxide, and ammonia. This enzyme is specific for arginine biosynthesis or the urea cycle. Absence or lack of this enzyme may cause CARBAMOYL-PHOSPHATE SYNTHASE I DEFICIENCY DISEASE. EC 184.108.40.206.
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