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Brain structural differences in monozygotic twins discordant for body mass index.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Brain structural differences in monozygotic twins discordant for body mass index."

Substantial efforts have been made to investigate the neurobiological underpinnings of human obesity with a number of studies indicating a profound influence of increased body weight on brain structure. Although body weight is known to be highly heritable, uncertainty remains regarding the respective contribution of genetic and environmental influences.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: NeuroImage
ISSN: 1095-9572
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Two individuals derived from two FETUSES that were fertilized at or about the same time, developed in the UTERUS simultaneously, and born to the same mother. Twins are either monozygotic (TWINS, MONOZYGOTIC) or dizygotic (TWINS, DIZYGOTIC).

MONOZYGOTIC TWINS who are joined in utero. They may be well developed and share only a superficial connection, often in the frontal, transverse or sagittal body plane, or they may share a partial duplication of a body structure. Alternatively, there may be a small and incompletely developed twin conjoined to a larger, more fully developed twin.

Two off-spring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from a single fertilized OVUM that split into two EMBRYOS. Such twins are usually genetically identical and of the same sex.

Methods of detecting genetic etiology in human traits. The basic premise of twin studies is that monozygotic twins, being formed by the division of a single fertilized ovum, carry identical genes, while dizygotic twins, being formed by the fertilization of two ova by two different spermatozoa, are genetically no more similar than two siblings born after separate pregnancies. (Last, J.M., A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)

Tissues, cells or organs transplanted between genetically identical individuals, i.e. members of the same species with identical histocompatibility antigens, such as monozygotic twins, members of the same inbred strain, or members of a hybrid population produced by crossing certain inbred strains.

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