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The avian infectious disease, Newcastle disease (ND), caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV) can cause severe economic losses to poultry whether vaccinated or not in many countries. In this study, a strain of NDV isolated from an outbreak in China was subjected to biological, phylogenetic and genetic characterization. The results showed that the mean death time (MDT) was 52.4 h and the intracerebral pathogenicity indices (ICPI) value was 1.95. In addition, amino acid sequencing result showed that it had a sequence R-R-Q-R-RF at fusion protein cleaving site (FPCS) indicating a velogenic strain. And its genome length is 15,192 nucleotide (nt) with the conserved complementary 3' leader and 5' trailer regions encoding six genes, 3'-NP-P-M-F-HN-L-5'. Based on phylogenetic analyses for hyper-variable region and complete genome of F gene, the strain studied here can be clustered into genotype IX, Class II, which has little evolution distance with strains of genotype III, being considered as a transitional strain in the evolution history of NDV. The rescue of infectious cDNA is proceeded in 9-day-old embryonated SPF chicken eggs. Despite the death of the first generation, the allantoic fluid harvested from the first generation lost its pathogenicity after passage. And we found the phenomenon happened due to the antibody appearing in the allantoic fluid. These findings offer our understanding of circulating strains of NDV in China and lay scientific foundations for making more efficient vaccines for Newcastle disease.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Infection, genetics and evolution : journal of molecular epidemiology and evolutionary genetics in infectious diseases
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An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by respiratory and nervous symptoms in fowl and is transmissible to man causing a severe, but transient conjunctivitis.
A genus in the subfamily PARAMYXOVIRINAE, family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE, causing disease in domestic fowl. There are many species, the most well-known being avian paramyxovirus 1 (NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS).
The most well known avian paramyxovirus in the genus AVULAVIRUS and the cause of a highly infectious pneumoencephalitis in fowl. It is also reported to cause CONJUNCTIVITIS in humans. Transmission is by droplet inhalation or ingestion of contaminated water or food.
Glycoprotein from Sendai, para-influenza, Newcastle Disease, and other viruses that participates in binding the virus to cell-surface receptors. The HN protein possesses both hemagglutinin and neuraminidase activity.
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