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Chronic non-healing wounds are detrimental for the quality of life of the affected individuals and represent a major burden for the health care systems. Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) are being investigated for the development of novel treatments of chronic wounds, as they have shown several positive effects on wound healing. While these effects appear to be mediated by the release of soluble factors, it is has also become apparent that the extracellular matrix (ECM) deposited by ASCs is essential in several phases of the wound healing process. In this work, we describe an approach to produce ECM scaffolds derived from ASCs in culture. Upon growth of ASCs into an overconfluent cell layer, a detergent-based cell extraction approach is applied to remove the cellular components. The extraction is followed by an enzymatic treatment to remove the residual DNA. The resultant cell-derived scaffolds are depleted of cellular components, display low DNA remnant, and retain the native fibrillar organization of the ECM. Analysis of the molecular composition of the ECM scaffolds revealed that they are composed of collagens type I and III, and fibronectin. The decellularized scaffolds represent a substrate that supports adhesion and proliferation of primary human fibroblasts and dermal microvascular endothelial cells, indicating their potential as platforms for wound healing studies.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Methods (San Diego, Calif.)
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A family of extracellular matrix glycoproteins that is structurally similar to LATENT TGF-BETA BINDING PROTEINS, but contain additional TGF-beta binding domains, in addition to unique domains at their N and C-terminals. Fibrillins assemble into 10-12 nm MICROFIBRILS that function in a variety of cell interactions with the EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX and developmental processes such as ELASTIC TISSUE maintenance and assembly, and the targeting of growth factors to the extracellular matrix.
PROTEOGLYCANS-associated proteins that are major components of EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX of various tissues including CARTILAGE; and INTERVERTEBRAL DISC structures. They bind COLLAGEN fibers and contain protein domains that enable oligomer formation and interaction with other extracellular matrix proteins such as CARTILAGE OLIGOMERIC MATRIX PROTEIN.
Macromolecular organic compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and usually, sulfur. These macromolecules (proteins) form an intricate meshwork in which cells are embedded to construct tissues. Variations in the relative types of macromolecules and their organization determine the type of extracellular matrix, each adapted to the functional requirements of the tissue. The two main classes of macromolecules that form the extracellular matrix are: glycosaminoglycans, usually linked to proteins (proteoglycans), and fibrous proteins (e.g., COLLAGEN; ELASTIN; FIBRONECTINS; and LAMININ).
A secreted matrix metalloproteinase that is believed to play a role in EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX remodeling and cell fate determination during normal and pathological processes. Matrix metalloproteinase 11 was originally isolated in primary BREAST NEOPLASMS and may be involved in the process of tumorigenesis.
Hexameric extracellular matrix glycoprotein transiently expressed in many developing organs and often re-expressed in tumors. It is present in the central and peripheral nervous systems as well as in smooth muscle and tendons. (From Kreis & Vale, Guidebook to the Extracellular Matrix and Adhesion Proteins, 1993, p93)
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Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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