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Microglia.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Microglia."

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Seminars in cell & developmental biology
ISSN: 1096-3634
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PubMed Articles [471 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Visualizing Microglia with a Fluorescence Turn-On Ugt1a7c Substrate.

Microglia, the brain-resident macrophage, are involved in brain development and contribute to the progression of neural disorders. Despite the importance of microglia, imaging of live microglia at a c...

Microglia exit the CNS in spinal root avulsion.

Microglia are central nervous system (CNS)-resident cells. Their ability to migrate outside of the CNS, however, is not understood. Using time-lapse imaging in an obstetrical brachial plexus injury (O...

Functional microglia neurotransmitters in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Today neuroscience is dominated by the perspective that microglia are essential elements in any integrated view of the nervous system. A number of different neuroinflammatory conditions affect the CNS...

Role of Microglia in Ataxias.

Microglia, the resident macrophages of the central nervous system (CNS), critically influence neural function during development and in adulthood. Microglia are also profoundly sensitive to insults to...

Rod microglia and their role in neurological diseases.

The striking morphology of microglia is one of their most prominent characteristics, with many studies categorising microglial function based on morphology e.g. ramified, hyper-ramified, activated, or...

Clinical Trials [26 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Microglia Activation in Schizophrenia

Patients with schizophrenia have volume loss in gray matter. This study is designed to evaluate whether their is microglia activation in schizophrenia using [11C](R)-PK11195 PET.

Endocannabinoid Control of Microglia Activation as a New Therapeutic Target in the Treatment of Schizophrenia

The main objective of this study is to compare microglia activation as measured with PET in combination with the tracer [11C]-R-PK11195 between recent-onset schizophrenia patients who are ...

Study 3: Minocycline Decreases Microglia Activation

This study is a mechanistic study that will enroll 9 subjects who are participating in NCT02133885 (which is designed to evaluate minocycline to test the hypothesis that minocycline treatm...

Gut Microbiota and Glioblastoma Multiforme Prognosis

Glioma is the most common primary cancer of the central nervous system, and around 50% of patients present with the most aggressive form of the disease, glioblastoma. Conventional therapie...

Inflammatory Response In Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia affects a significant proportion of the population and current levels of understanding of the illness is inadequate to treat it effectively. Converging lines of evidence sugg...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The third type of glial cell, along with astrocytes and oligodendrocytes (which together form the macroglia). Microglia vary in appearance depending on developmental stage, functional state, and anatomical location; subtype terms include ramified, perivascular, ameboid, resting, and activated. Microglia clearly are capable of phagocytosis and play an important role in a wide spectrum of neuropathologies. They have also been suggested to act in several other roles including in secretion (e.g., of cytokines and neural growth factors), in immunological processing (e.g., antigen presentation), and in central nervous system development and remodeling.

A widely distributed purinergic P2X receptor subtype that plays a role in pain sensation. P2X4 receptors found on MICROGLIA cells may also play a role in the mediation of allodynia-related NEUROPATHIC PAIN.

Mononuclear cells with pronounced phagocytic ability that are distributed extensively in lymphoid and other organs. It includes MACROPHAGES and their precursors; PHAGOCYTES; KUPFFER CELLS; HISTIOCYTES; DENDRITIC CELLS; LANGERHANS CELLS; and MICROGLIA. The term mononuclear phagocyte system has replaced the former reticuloendothelial system, which also included less active phagocytic cells such as fibroblasts and endothelial cells. (From Illustrated Dictionary of Immunology, 2d ed.)

A class of large neuroglial (macroglial) cells in the central nervous system - the largest and most numerous neuroglial cells in the brain and spinal cord. Astrocytes (from "star" cells) are irregularly shaped with many long processes, including those with "end feet" which form the glial (limiting) membrane and directly and indirectly contribute to the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER. They regulate the extracellular ionic and chemical environment, and "reactive astrocytes" (along with MICROGLIA) respond to injury.

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