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Modeling the action of environment on proton tunneling in the adenine-thymine base pair.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Modeling the action of environment on proton tunneling in the adenine-thymine base pair."

Effect of environment coupling on the quantum-biological phenomenon of proton tunneling in the hydrogen bonds of the adenine-thymine base pair in DNA was modeled within the framework of quantum statistics and perturbation theory. A number of important thermodynamic indicators including partition function, free energy, and entropy were then calculated and examined. The proton was then assumed to be subject to an attraction represented by a double-well potential energy surface with a small asymmetry, which was considered as the perturbation introduced to the system. The action of environment manifested itself in the form of a global minimum in the free energy curve, as an implicit implication of the tendency of the system toward randomness and disorder, at which no spontaneous change such as quantum tunneling will accordingly occur. Furthermore, assuming the free energy to be in a close neighborhood of its minimum truly explained the smallness of the contribution of environment coupling to the tunneling probability reported in the literature based on the fact that the closer the free energy to its minimum, the less the transition probability to this point.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Progress in biophysics and molecular biology
ISSN: 1873-1732
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).

Synthetic analogs of NUCLEIC ACIDS composed of morpholine ring derivatives (MORPHOLINES) linked by phosphorodimidates. One standard DNA nucleic acid base (ADENINE; GUANINE; CYTOSINE; OR THYMINE) is bound to each morpholine ring.

A purine base and a fundamental unit of ADENINE NUCLEOTIDES.

The presence of an uncomplimentary base in double-stranded DNA caused by spontaneous deamination of cytosine or adenine, mismatching during homologous recombination, or errors in DNA replication. Multiple, sequential base pair mismatches lead to formation of heteroduplex DNA; (NUCLEIC ACID HETERODUPLEXES).

An enzyme responsible for producing a species-characteristic methylation pattern on adenine residues in a specific short base sequence in the host cell DNA. The enzyme catalyzes the methylation of DNA adenine in the presence of S-adenosyl-L-methionine to form DNA containing 6-methylaminopurine and S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine. EC 2.1.1.72.

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