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UGT-dependent regioselective glucuronidation of ursodeoxycholic acid and obeticholic acid and selective transport of the consequent acyl glucuronides by OATP1B1 and 1B3.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "UGT-dependent regioselective glucuronidation of ursodeoxycholic acid and obeticholic acid and selective transport of the consequent acyl glucuronides by OATP1B1 and 1B3."

Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) is a major effective constituent of bear bile powder, which is widely used as function food in China and is documented in the Chinese pharmacopoeia as a traditional Chinese medicine. UDCA has been developed as the only accepted therapy by the US FDA for primary biliary cholangitis. Recently, the US FDA granted accelerated approval to obeticholic acid (OCA), a semisynthetic bile acid derivative from chenodeoxycholic acid, for primary biliary cholangitis. However, some perplexing toxicities of UDCA have been reported in the clinic. The present work aimed to investigate the difference between UDCA and OCA in regard to potential metabolic activation through acyl glucuronidation and hepatic accumulation of consequent acyl glucuronides. Our results demonstrated that the metabolic fates of UDCA and OCA were similar. Both UDCA and OCA were predominantly metabolically activated by conjugation to the acyl glucuronide in human liver microsomes. UGT1A3 played a predominant role in the carboxyl glucuronidation of both UDCA and OCA, while UGT2B7 played a major role in their hydroxyl glucuronidation. Further uptake studies revealed that OATP1B1- and 1B3-transfected cells could selectively uptake UDCA acyl glucuronide, but not UDCA, OCA, and OCA acyl glucuronide. In summary, the liver disposition of OCA is different from that of UDCA due to hepatic uptake, and liver accumulation of UDCA acyl glucuronide might be related to the perplexing toxicities of UDCA.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chemico-biological interactions
ISSN: 1872-7786
Pages: 108745

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