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Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) plays a key role in redox homeostasis. Activation of Nrf2 pathway by natural molecules effectively inhibits oxidants and toxicants-induced redox imbalance, and thus is able to intervene the onset and progression of many human diseases. In our previous study, a chalcone named as artocarmitin B (ACB), formed by artocarmitin A (ACA) and a trans-feruloyl substituent, was found to be a potential Nrf2 activator. In the present research, we found that ACB up-regulated the expressions of Nrf2, NAD(P)
quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) and glutamate-cysteine ligase, modifier subunit (GCLM), inhibited Nrf2 degradation and promoted Nrf2 translocation to the nucleus under non-toxic doses. Moreover, ACB enhanced intracellular antioxidant capability in human lung epithelial cells through up-regulating reduced GSH level. Furthermore, ACB-induced activation of Nrf2 was related to the kinase pathways, including mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), protein kinase C (PKC), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase (PI3K), and protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK). In terms of activation of Nrf2 pathway, ACB was more potent than ACA and ferulic acid (FA) individually or in combination. Collectively, our results indicate that ACB is a novel Nrf2 activator and enhances intracellular antioxidant capacity in human lung epithelial cells.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Chemico-biological interactions
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Proteins and peptides that are involved in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION within the cell. Included here are peptides and proteins that regulate the activity of TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS and cellular processes in response to signals from CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS. Intracellular signaling peptide and proteins may be part of an enzymatic signaling cascade or act through binding to and modifying the action of other signaling factors.
A family of intracellular signaling adaptor proteins that contain caspase activation and recruitment domains. Proteins that contain this domain play a role in APOPTOSIS-related signal transduction by associating with other CARD domain-containing members and in activating INITIATOR CASPASES that contain CARD domains within their N-terminal pro-domain region.
Intracellular signaling adaptor proteins that bind to the cytoplasmic death domain region found on DEATH DOMAIN RECEPTORS. Many of the proteins in this class take part in intracellular signaling from TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR RECEPTORS.
A NOD-signaling adaptor protein that contains a C-terminal leucine-rich domain which recognizes bacterial PEPTIDOGLYCAN. It signals via an N-terminal caspase recruitment domain that interacts with other CARD SIGNALING ADAPTOR PROTEINS such as RIP SERINE-THEONINE KINASES. It plays a role in the host defense response by signaling the activation of CASPASES and the MAP KINASE SIGNALING SYSTEM.
Serine protein kinases involved in the regulation of ACTIN polymerization and MICROTUBULE disassembly. Their activity is regulated by phosphorylation of a threonine residue within the activation loop by intracellular signaling kianses such as P21-ACTIVATED KINASES and by RHO KINASE.
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...