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Conflicting effects of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor on cell-mediated and virion-mediated HTLV-1 infection.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Conflicting effects of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor on cell-mediated and virion-mediated HTLV-1 infection."

Adult T-cell leukemia and human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) - associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis, which develop after HTLV-1 infection, are difficult to cure. In particular, the mode of HTLV-1 propagation is not well understood. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 is reported to be a co-activator of HTLV-1 Tax protein; however, the effects of polyADP-ribosylation on infectivity of HTLV-1 have not been fully clarified. We studied the effects of a PARP inhibitor on two modes of HTLV-1 transmission: through cell adhesion between MT-2 cells (an HTLV-1-infected cell line) and uninfected cells and through virus particles produced by HTLV-1-producing c77 cells. Although the PARP inhibitor decreased HTLV-1 infection through cell adhesion, it increased HTLV-1 infection through virion production and caused apoptosis of HTLV-1-infected cells. Thus, careful consideration is required for clinical application of PARP inhibitors in HTLV-1 patients.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Virus research
ISSN: 1872-7492
Pages: 197653

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase that contains two ZINC FINGERS in its N-terminal DNA-binding region. It modifies NUCLEAR PROTEINS involved in chromatin architecture and BASE EXCISION REPAIR with POLY ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE RIBOSE.

Chemicals and drugs that inhibit the action of POLY(ADP-RIBOSE)POLYMERASES.

Enzymes that transfer the ADP-RIBOSE group of NAD or NADP to proteins or other small molecules. Transfer of ADP-ribose to water (i.e., hydrolysis) is catalyzed by the NADASES. The mono(ADP-ribose)transferases transfer a single ADP-ribose. POLY(ADP-RIBOSE) POLYMERASES transfer multiple units of ADP-ribose to protein targets, building POLY ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE RIBOSE in linear or branched chains.

Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of multiple ADP-RIBOSE groups from nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (NAD) onto protein targets, thus building up a linear or branched homopolymer of repeating ADP-ribose units i.e., POLY ADENOSINE DIPHOSPHATE RIBOSE.

A poly(ADP)-ribose-binding protein that functions in the rejoining of DNA single-strand breaks that arise following treatment with alkylating agents or ionizing radiation. It interacts with DNA LIGASE III and POLY ADP RIBOSE POLYMERASE in BASE EXCISION REPAIR, and may also function in DNA processing and chromosome recombination in GERM CELLS.

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