Molecular and functional characterization of a mannose-binding lectin/ficolin-associated protein (MAp44) from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) involved in the immune response to bacterial infection.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Molecular and functional characterization of a mannose-binding lectin/ficolin-associated protein (MAp44) from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) involved in the immune response to bacterial infection."

The lectin pathway of the complement system has a pivotal role in the defense against infectious organisms. Mannose-binding lectin/ficolin-associated protein (MAp44), a multifunctional complement regulator, regulates the complement activation by competing with MASP-1, MASP-2 and MASP-3 for MBL and ficolin binding sites. In this study, we described the identification and functional characterization of a MAp44 homolog (OnMAp44) from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) at molecular, cellular and protein levels. The open reading frame (ORF) of OnMAp44 is 1140 bp of nucleotide sequence encoding a polypeptide of 379 amino acids. The deduced amino acids sequence has four characteristic structures, including two C1r/C1s-Uegf-BMP domains (CUB), one epidermal growth factor domain (EGF) and one complement control protein domains (CCP). Expression analysis revealed that the OnMAp44 was highly expressed in liver, and widely existed in other examined tissues. In addition, the OnMAp44 expression was significantly up-regulated in spleen and head kidney following challenges with Streptococcus agalactiae and Aeromonas hydrophila. The up-regulations of OnMAp44 mRNA and protein expression were also observed in hepatocytes and monocytes/macrophages in vitro stimulation with S. agalactiae and A. hydrophila. Recombinant OnMAp44 protein was able to participate in the regulation of inflammation and migration reaction. Taken together, the results indicated that OnMAp44 was likely to involve in the immune response to bacterial infection in Nile tilapia.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Developmental and comparative immunology
ISSN: 1879-0089
Pages: 103438


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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