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The lectin pathway of the complement system has a pivotal role in the defense against infectious organisms. Mannose-binding lectin/ficolin-associated protein (MAp44), a multifunctional complement regulator, regulates the complement activation by competing with MASP-1, MASP-2 and MASP-3 for MBL and ficolin binding sites. In this study, we described the identification and functional characterization of a MAp44 homolog (OnMAp44) from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) at molecular, cellular and protein levels. The open reading frame (ORF) of OnMAp44 is 1140 bp of nucleotide sequence encoding a polypeptide of 379 amino acids. The deduced amino acids sequence has four characteristic structures, including two C1r/C1s-Uegf-BMP domains (CUB), one epidermal growth factor domain (EGF) and one complement control protein domains (CCP). Expression analysis revealed that the OnMAp44 was highly expressed in liver, and widely existed in other examined tissues. In addition, the OnMAp44 expression was significantly up-regulated in spleen and head kidney following challenges with Streptococcus agalactiae and Aeromonas hydrophila. The up-regulations of OnMAp44 mRNA and protein expression were also observed in hepatocytes and monocytes/macrophages in vitro stimulation with S. agalactiae and A. hydrophila. Recombinant OnMAp44 protein was able to participate in the regulation of inflammation and migration reaction. Taken together, the results indicated that OnMAp44 was likely to involve in the immune response to bacterial infection in Nile tilapia.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Developmental and comparative immunology
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A specific mannose-binding member of the collectin family of lectins. It binds to carbohydrate groups on invading pathogens and plays a key role in the MANNOSE-BINDING LECTIN COMPLEMENT PATHWAY.
Complement activation triggered by the interaction of microbial POLYSACCHARIDES with serum MANNOSE-BINDING LECTIN resulting in the activation of MANNOSE-BINDING PROTEIN-ASSOCIATED SERINE PROTEASES. As in the classical pathway, MASPs cleave COMPLEMENT C4 and COMPLEMENT C2 to form C3 CONVERTASE (C4B2A) and the subsequent C5 CONVERTASE (C4B2A3B) leading to cleavage of COMPLEMENT C5 and assembly of COMPLEMENT MEMBRANE ATTACK COMPLEX.
Serum serine proteases which participate in COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION. They are activated when complexed with the MANNOSE-BINDING LECTIN, therefore also known as Mannose-binding protein-Associated Serine Proteases (MASPs). They cleave COMPLEMENT C4 and COMPLEMENT C2 to form C4b2a, the CLASSICAL PATHWAY C3 CONVERTASE.
A MANNOSE/GLUCOSE binding lectin isolated from the jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis). It is a potent mitogen used to stimulate cell proliferation in lymphocytes, primarily T-lymphocyte, cultures.
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