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Conditioned Medium from Endothelial Progenitor Cells promotes number of dopaminergic neurons and exerts neuroprotection in cultured ventral mesencephalic neuronal progenitor cells.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Conditioned Medium from Endothelial Progenitor Cells promotes number of dopaminergic neurons and exerts neuroprotection in cultured ventral mesencephalic neuronal progenitor cells."

Transplantation of stem and progenitor cells offers a promising tool for brain repair in the context of neuropathological disorders including Parkinson's disease. There is growing proof that the capacity of adult stem and progenitor cells for tissue regeneration relies rather on the release of paracrine factors than on their cell replacement properties. In line with this notion, we have previously reported that conditioned medium (CM) collected from cultured Endothelial Progenitor Cells (EPC) stimulated survival of striatal neurons. In the present study we investigated whether EPC-CM promotes survival of cultured midbrain progenitor cells. For that purpose primary cultures from fetal rat embryonic ventral mesencephalon (VM) were prepared and grown for 7 days in vitro (DIV). EPC-CM was administered from DIV5-7. First, we found that EPC-CM treatment resulted in significantly increased cell densities of TH-ir neurons. Interestingly, this effect was no longer seen after proteolytic digestion of the EPC-CM. EPC-CM also significantly increased densities of beta-III-tubulin positive neurons and lba-1-ir microglial cells. The effect on dopaminergic neurons was not due to higher cell proliferation as no incorporation of EdU was observed in TH-ir cells. Importantly, EPC-CM exerted neuroprotection against MPP+ induced toxicity as in vitro model of Parkinson's disease. Taken together, our findings identified EPC-CM as a powerful tool to promote survival of cultured VM neurons and further support the importance of paracrine factors in the actions of stem and progenitor cells for brain repair.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Brain research
ISSN: 1872-6240
Pages: 146330

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Glycoproteins found on immature hematopoietic cells and endothelial cells. They are the only molecules to date whose expression within the blood system is restricted to a small number of progenitor cells in the bone marrow.

Cells derived from BONE MARROW that circulate in the adult bloodstream and possess the potential to proliferate and differentiate into mature ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.

The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.

The cells in the erythroid series derived from MYELOID PROGENITOR CELLS or from the bi-potential MEGAKARYOCYTE-ERYTHROID PROGENITOR CELLS which eventually give rise to mature RED BLOOD CELLS. The erythroid progenitor cells develop in two phases: erythroid burst-forming units (BFU-E) followed by erythroid colony-forming units (CFU-E); BFU-E differentiate into CFU-E on stimulation by ERYTHROPOIETIN, and then further differentiate into ERYTHROBLASTS when stimulated by other factors.

Stem cells derived from HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS. Derived from these myeloid progenitor cells are the MEGAKARYOCYTES; ERYTHROID CELLS; MYELOID CELLS; and some DENDRITIC CELLS.

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