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Heme Oxygenase-1 dictates innate - Adaptive immune phenotype in human liver transplantation.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Heme Oxygenase-1 dictates innate - Adaptive immune phenotype in human liver transplantation."

Liver transplantation (LT) has become the standard of care for patients with end-stage liver disease and those with hepatic malignancies, while adaptive immune-dominated graft rejection remains a major challenge. Despite potent anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective functions of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) overexpression upon innate immune-driven hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury, its role in adaptive immune cell-driven responses remains to be elucidated. We analyzed human biopsies from LT recipients (n = 55) to determine putative association between HO-1 levels and adaptive/co-stimulatory gene expression programs in LT. HO-1 expression negatively correlated with innate (CD68, Cathepsin G, TLR4, CXCL10), adaptive (CD4, CD8, IL17) and co-stimulatory (CD28, CD80, CD86) molecules at the graft site. LT recipients with high HO-1 expression showed a trend towards improved overall survival. By demonstrating the association between graft HO-1 levels and adaptive/co-stimulatory gene programs, our study provides important insights to the role of HO-1 signaling in LT patients.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Archives of biochemistry and biophysics
ISSN: 1096-0384
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A heterodimeric cytokine that plays a role in innate and adaptive immune responses. Interleukin-23 is comprised of a unique 19 kDa subunit and 40 kDa subunit that is shared with INTERLEUKIN-12. It is produced by DENDRITIC CELLS; MACROPHAGES and a variety of other immune cells

A ubiquitous stress-responsive enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative cleavage of HEME to yield IRON; CARBON MONOXIDE; and BILIVERDIN.

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A mixed function oxidase enzyme which during hemoglobin catabolism catalyzes the degradation of heme to ferrous iron, carbon monoxide and biliverdin in the presence of molecular oxygen and reduced NADPH. The enzyme is induced by metals, particularly cobalt. EC 1.14.99.3.

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