Heme Oxygenase-1 dictates innate - Adaptive immune phenotype in human liver transplantation.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Heme Oxygenase-1 dictates innate - Adaptive immune phenotype in human liver transplantation."

Liver transplantation (LT) has become the standard of care for patients with end-stage liver disease and those with hepatic malignancies, while adaptive immune-dominated graft rejection remains a major challenge. Despite potent anti-inflammatory and cytoprotective functions of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) overexpression upon innate immune-driven hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury, its role in adaptive immune cell-driven responses remains to be elucidated. We analyzed human biopsies from LT recipients (n = 55) to determine putative association between HO-1 levels and adaptive/co-stimulatory gene expression programs in LT. HO-1 expression negatively correlated with innate (CD68, Cathepsin G, TLR4, CXCL10), adaptive (CD4, CD8, IL17) and co-stimulatory (CD28, CD80, CD86) molecules at the graft site. LT recipients with high HO-1 expression showed a trend towards improved overall survival. By demonstrating the association between graft HO-1 levels and adaptive/co-stimulatory gene programs, our study provides important insights to the role of HO-1 signaling in LT patients.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Archives of biochemistry and biophysics
ISSN: 1096-0384


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