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Symmetry of folds in FEVR: A genotype-phenotype correlation study.

08:00 EDT 9th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Symmetry of folds in FEVR: A genotype-phenotype correlation study."

Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is a hereditary retinal vascular disorder. Among the various clinical phenotypes of this disease, retinal folds are the primary and typical feature of FEVR. However, little is known about the clinical characteristics, genetic spectrum, or potential phenotype-genotype correlation of retinal folds. Herein, we describe and analyze the clinical and genetic characteristics of retinal folds in FEVR. Eighty-nine patients with unilateral or bilateral retinal folds were included in this study. Clinical examinations showed that the retinal folds were bilateral in 37 patients (41.6%). Various retinal abnormalities were noted in the fellow eyes in the remaining 52 patients with unilateral folds. Most of the folds were located temporally (98.4%, 124/126), and were complete (97.6%, 123/126). 67.5% (60/89) probands were genetic confirmed FEVR. 25 novel pathogenic mutations (7 in FZD4, 7 in LRP5, 1 in NDP, 4 in TSPAN12, and 6 in KIF11) were identified in 25 families. Overall, 87.5% (14/16) and 73.7%(14/19) patients with LRP5 and FZD4 mutations were with unilateral folds, respectively.Nevertheless, only 25% (2/8), 36.4%(4/11) and 16.7%(1/6) patients with NDP, TSPAN12, and KIF11 mutations were with unilateral folds. Moreover, 85.7%(12/14),100% (6/6) and 100%(8/8) of the patients with mutated TSPAN12, KIF11, and NDP genes presented with symmetry in disease staging, while 55% and 64.7% of patients with FZD4 and LRP5 mutation displayed symmetry in staging. In conclusion, the majority of retinal folds extended completely and radially in the temporal peripheral retina. Patients with causative mutations in NDP, TSPAN12, or KIF11 were more likely to have bilaterally symmetrical severe retinopathy. In contrast, patients with LRP5 and FZD4 mutations displayed a relatively milder but broader spectrum of phenotypes and a higher frequency of asymmetry.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Experimental eye research
ISSN: 1096-0007
Pages: 107720

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