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One major objective of aquatic microbial ecology is to understand the distribution of microbial populations over space and time and in response to environmental factors. Perhaps more importantly, it is crucial to quantify how those microbial cells affect biogeochemical processes of interest, such as primary production, nitrogen cycling, or the breakdown of pollutants. One valuable approach to link microbial identity to activity is to carry out incubations with stable-isotope-labeled substrates and then quantify the isotope incorporation by individual microbial cells using nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry (NanoSIMS). This review summarizes recent efforts in this field, highlights novel methods, describes studies investigating rare metabolisms as well as widespread microbial activity, and hopes to provide a framework to increase the use and capabilities of NanoSIMS for microbial biogeochemical studies in the future. Expected final online publication date for the Volume 12 is January 3, 2020. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Annual review of marine science
Until recently, the analysis and identification of nuclear fuel pellets in the context of a nuclear forensics investigation have been mainly focused on macroscopic characteristics such as fuel pellet ...
Accurate quantification of copy numbers of noncoding RNA has recently emerged as an urgent problem, with impact on fields such as RNA modification research, tissue differentiation, and others. Here we...
Research on depth-based human activity analysis achieved outstanding performance and demonstrated the effectiveness of 3D representation for action recognition. The existing depth-based and RGB+D-base...
Considerable advances in manipulating heat flow in solids have been made through the innovation of artificial thermal structures such as thermal diodes, camouflages and cloaks. Such thermal devices ca...
White matter hyperintensity (WMH) burden is a critically important cerebrovascular phenotype linked to prediction of diagnosis and prognosis of diseases, such as acute ischemic stroke (AIS). However, ...
The quantification of CD163 will be analysed in the subgingival plaque samples of generalized chronic periodontitis patients with and without diabetes mellitus. The demographic and the per...
The quantification of the proteomes : L-plastin, lipocalin and adiponectin was analysed in the subgingival tissue samples of generalized severe chronic periodontitis patients with and with...
Psycho-behavioral disorders assessment is crucial for the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with frontotemporal degeneration (FTD). DAPHNE scientific staff have therefore developed a qua...
Physical activity has shown beneficial effects for cognitive and brain health, suggesting it may provide a highly scalable intervention to improve academic achievement. This project is par...
Phase 1: Patients are treated with infusions of Tocilizumab (TCZ) for 3 months. Clinical evaluation is performed using PMR-AS. The PMR-AS is computed by summing the 5 variables aft...
A scale comprising 18 symptom constructs chosen to represent relatively independent dimensions of manifest psychopathology. The initial intended use was to provide more efficient assessment of treatment response in clinical psychopharmacology research; however, the scale was readily adapted to other uses. (From Hersen, M. and Bellack, A.S., Dictionary of Behavioral Assessment Techniques, p. 87)
The large scale production of pharmaceutically important and commercially valuable RECOMBINANT PROTEINS.
A subjective psychometric response scale used to measure distinct behavioral or physiological phenomena based on linear numerical gradient or yes/no alternatives.
A rating scale that measures INVOLUNTARY MOVEMENTS known as TARDIVE DYSKINESIA.
A scale that assesses the outcome of serious craniocerebral injuries, based on the level of regained social functioning.