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The unbiased cytotoxicity and blood-brain barrier (BBB) impermeability render common chemotherapeutics nonviable for treating glioblastoma (GBM) patients. Although rigosertib (RGS), a RAS effector protein inhibitor, has shown low toxicity to healthy cells and high efficacy toward various cancer cells by inactivating PI3K-Akt, it hardly overcomes the BBB barricade. Here, we report that RGS loaded in apolipoprotein E derived peptide (ApoE)-targeted chimaeric polymersomes (ApoE-CP) is safe and highly potent against human GBM in vivo. ApoE-CP exhibited stable loading of RGS in its lumen, giving RGS nanoformulations (ApoE-CP-RGS) with a size of 60 nm and reduction-triggered drug release behavior. Notably, ApoE-CP-RGS induction markedly enhanced the G2/M cell cycle arrest and inhibitory effect in U-87 MG glioblastoma cells compared with the nontargeted CP-RGS and free RGS. The therapeutic outcomes in orthotopic U-87 MG GBM models demonstrated that ApoE-CP-RGS brought about effective GBM inhibition, greatly prolonged survival time, and depleted adverse effects. Rigosertib formulated in ApoE-targeted chimaeric polymersomes has emerged as a novel, highly specific, efficacious, and nontoxic treatment for glioblastoma.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Molecular pharmaceutics
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Radiotherapy where cytotoxic radionuclides are linked to antibodies in order to deliver toxins directly to tumor targets. Therapy with targeted radiation rather than antibody-targeted toxins (IMMUNOTOXINS) has the advantage that adjacent tumor cells, which lack the appropriate antigenic determinants, can be destroyed by radiation cross-fire. Radioimmunotherapy is sometimes called targeted radiotherapy, but this latter term can also refer to radionuclides linked to non-immune molecules (see RADIOTHERAPY).
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