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Obesity is currently considered a global epidemic, its implications in mortality and morbidity in the pediatric patient and in adulthood are increasingly important. The objective of this update is to review in detail the definitions of obesity according to the age group, in turn, the epidemiology of this entity worldwide and South America. Available evidence about pathophysiology and additionally, associated comorbidities are reported in some of the most important and clinically relevant body systems. The recommendations on pharmacological, non-pharmacological management through changes in the lifestyles and relevant aspects of bariatric surgery in the pediatric population are also described.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Diabetes/metabolism research and reviews
Childhood obesity increases the risk of diseases as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
One of the main objectives in the treatment of childhood obesity is to reduce the percentage of body fat mass without negatively affecting fat-free mass (FFM) and, consequently, longitudinal growth. T...
Childhood obesity is a principal public health concern. Understanding the geographic distribution of childhood obesity can inform the design and delivery of interventions.
Treating pediatric severe obesity is challenging because of the complex biological, behavioral, and environmental factors that underpin the disease. The multifactorial etiology of obesity combined wit...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a culturally-appropriate childhood obesity intervention with Hispanic families. The program aims at preventing childhood obesity b...
The objective of this study is to test and evaluate the effectiveness of a parent-only treatment for childhood obesity. This study provides state-of-the-art treatment for childhood obesit...
The study is evaluating the effect of a 14-session cognitive behavioural treatment for childhood obesity. The treatment is family based and 40 families with children with obesity, aged 8-1...
The molecular mechanisms underlying developmental programming of childhood obesity remain poorly understood. Here, the investigators address major questions about early childhood obesity p...
The primary aim of the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment (ISCOLE) is to determine the relationship between lifestyle characteristics and obesity in a ...
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
A central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic with actions and uses similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. It has been used most frequently in the treatment of obesity.
A sympathomimetic agent with properties similar to DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. It is used in the treatment of obesity. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1222)
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
A sub-PHENOTYPE of obese individuals who have a risk for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES between that of healthy individuals with normal weight and unhealthy individuals with obesity.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Disorders Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several g...