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RNA structures that impede ribosome binding or subsequent scanning of the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) for the AUG initiation codon reduce translation efficiency. Yeast DEAD-box RNA helicase Ded1 appears to promote translation by resolving 5'-UTR structures, but whether its paralog, Dbp1, performs similar functions is unknown. Furthermore, direct in vivo evidence was lacking that Ded1 or Dbp1 resolves 5'-UTR structures that impede attachment of the 43S preinitiation complex (PIC) or scanning. Here, profiling of translating 80S ribosomes reveals that the translational efficiencies of many more mRNAs are reduced in a ded1-ts dbp1Δ double mutant versus either single mutant, becoming highly dependent on Dbp1 or Ded1 only when the other helicase is impaired. Such 'conditionally hyperdependent' mRNAs contain unusually long 5'-UTRs with heightened propensity for secondary structure and longer transcript lengths. Consistently, overexpressing Dbp1 in ded1 cells improves the translation of many such Ded1-hyperdependent mRNAs. Importantly, Dbp1 mimics Ded1 in conferring greater acceleration of 48S PIC assembly in a purified system on mRNAs harboring structured 5'-UTRs. Profiling 40S initiation complexes in ded1 and dbp1 mutants provides direct evidence that Ded1 and Dbp1 cooperate to stimulate both PIC attachment and scanning on many Ded1/Dbp1-hyperdependent mRNAs in vivo.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Nucleic acids research
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A large family of RNA helicases that share a common protein motif with the single letter amino acid sequence D-E-A-D (Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp). In addition to RNA helicase activity, members of the DEAD-box family participate in other aspects of RNA metabolism and regulation of RNA function.
A family of DNA helicases that participate in DNA REPLICATION. They assemble into hexameric rings with a central channel and unwind DNA processively in the 5' to 3' direction. DnaB helicases are considered the primary replicative helicases for most prokaryotic organisms.
A family of structurally-related DNA helicases that play an essential role in the maintenance of genome integrity. RecQ helicases were originally discovered in E COLI and are highly conserved across both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Genetic mutations that result in loss of RecQ helicase activity gives rise to disorders that are associated with CANCER predisposition and premature aging.
Proteins that catalyze the unwinding of duplex DNA during replication by binding cooperatively to single-stranded regions of DNA or to short regions of duplex DNA that are undergoing transient opening. In addition DNA helicases are DNA-dependent ATPases that harness the free energy of ATP hydrolysis to translocate of DNA strands.
A multifunctional protein that is both a DEAD-box RNA helicase and a component of the SMN protein complex.