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There is increasing evidence that psycho-social factors can influence antimicrobial prescribing practice in hospitals and the community, and represent potential barriers to antimicrobial stewardship interventions. Clinicians are conditioned both by emotional and cognitive factors based on fear, uncertainty, a set of beliefs, risk perception and cognitive bias, and by interpersonal factors established through social norms and peer and doctor-patient communication. However, a gap is emerging between research and practice, and no stewardship recommendation addresses the most appropriate human resource allocation or modalities to account for psycho-social determinants of prescribing. There is a need for translation of the evidence available from human behaviour studies to the design and implementation of stewardship interventions and policies at hospital and community levels. The integration of behaviour experts into multidisciplinary stewardship teams seems essential to positively impact on prescribers' communication and decision-making competencies, and reduce inappropriate antibiotic prescribing.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy
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Programs and guidelines for selecting optimal ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS regimens in an effort to maintain antibiotic efficacy, reduce CROSS INFECTION related to ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE while managing satisfactory clinical and economic outcomes.
The ability to understand and manage emotions and to use emotional knowledge to enhance thought and deal effectively with tasks. Components of emotional intelligence include empathy, self-motivation, self-awareness, self-regulation, and social skill. Emotional intelligence is a measurement of one's ability to socialize or relate to others.
The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
The ability of microorganisms, especially bacteria, to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).
The enhancement of physical, cognitive, emotional and social skills so an individual may participate in chosen activities. Recreational modalities are used in designed intervention strategies, incorporating individual's interests to make the therapy process meaningful and relevant.