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Opioids are widely prescribed for chronic pain, including neuropathic pain despite growing evidence of long-term harm. Previous preclinical studies have documented exacerbation of nociceptive hypersensitivity, including that induced by peripheral nerve injury, by morphine. The present series of behavioral studies sought to replicate and extend our prior research, which demonstrated a multi-month exacerbation of nociceptive hypersensitivity by a 5-day course of morphine initiated 10 days after nerve injury. The current studies demonstrate that enduring exacerbation of nociceptive hypersensitivity is not restricted to morphine, but rather is also created by the clinically relevant opioids fentanyl and oxycodone when these are likewise-administered for 5 days beginning 10 days after nerve injury. Furthermore, enduring exacerbation of nociceptive hypersensitivity is also observed when the same dosing regimen for either morphine, fentanyl, or oxycodone begins 1 month after nerve injury. Lastly, a striking result from these studies is that no such exacerbation of nociceptive hypersensitivity occurs when either morphine, fentanyl, or oxycodone dosing begins at the time of nerve injury. These results extend our previous findings that morphine exacerbates nociceptive hypersensitivity to the clinically relevant opioids fentanyl and oxycodone when administered after the development of nociceptive hypersensitivity, while also providing possible clinically-relevant insight into when these opioids can be safely administered and not exacerbate neuropathic pain.
This article was published in the following journal.
Conversion between routes such as intravenous (IV), epidural (EP), and intrathecal (IT) routes for morphine is well established. Conversion ratios for IV:EP:IT fentanyl and conversion from IT morphine...
Optimal pain management is crucial to the postoperative recovery process. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous oxycodone with intravenous fentanyl, morphine, sufentanil, pethidi...
Oxycodone and morphine are two opioid drugs commonly used for the treatment of moderate to severe pain. However, their use in the management of noncancer pain remains a controversial issue and, in thi...
Fentanyl and its structurally related compounds have emerged as the most significant contributors to opioid overdose fatalities in recent years. While there is abundant information about the pharmacol...
Appropriate pain relief enhances patient satisfaction and reduces patient anxiety. This study aimed to compare oral oxycodone with intravenous (IV) morphine sulfate (MS) in pain management of acute li...
The efficacy of fentanyl TTS for the treatment of neuropathic pain remains to be established, although opioids in general are clearly effective for neuropathic pain and fentanyl TTS has be...
Oxycodone is one of the most widely used opioids for pain treatment. Many studies demonstrated good efficacy of oxycodone on postoperative pain. In this study, we assess the efficacy and s...
RATIONALE: Methadone, morphine, or oxycodone may help relieve pain caused by cancer. It is not yet known whether methadone is more effective than morphine or oxycodone in treating pain in ...
This is a series of studies in healthy volunteers to assess the potential for adverse interactions between St. John's wort (SJW) extract and two narcotic (opioid) pain medications: oxycodo...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of JNS020 QD(fentanyl) switched from morphine preparations, oral oxycodone preparations, fentanyl citrate injection, o...
A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.
A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
An opioid analgesic with actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE, apart from an absence of cough suppressant activity. It is used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain, including pain in obstetrics. It may also be used as an adjunct to anesthesia. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1092)
A widely distributed purinergic P2X receptor subtype that plays a role in pain sensation. P2X4 receptors found on MICROGLIA cells may also play a role in the mediation of allodynia-related NEUROPATHIC PAIN.
A gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derivative that functions as a CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKER and is used as an ANTICONVULSANT as well as an ANTI-ANXIETY AGENT. It is also used as an ANALGESIC in the treatment of NEUROPATHIC PAIN and FIBROMYALGIA.
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Pain is a feeling (sharp or dull) triggered in the nervous system which can be transient or constant. Pain can be specific to one area of the body eg back, abdomen or chest or more general all over the body eg muscles ache from the flu. Without pain ...
Pain is defined by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage or described in terms of such damage”. Some illnesses can be excruci...