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Ambient particulate matter attenuates Sirtuin1 and augments SREBP1-PIR axis to induce human pulmonary fibroblast inflammation: molecular mechanism of microenvironment associated with COPD.

08:00 EDT 12th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Ambient particulate matter attenuates Sirtuin1 and augments SREBP1-PIR axis to induce human pulmonary fibroblast inflammation: molecular mechanism of microenvironment associated with COPD."

Evidences have shown a strong link between particulate matter (PM) and increased risk in human mortality and morbidity, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), respiratory infection, and lung cancer. However, the underlying toxicologic mechanisms remain largely unknown. Utilizing PM-treated human pulmonary fibroblasts (HPF) models, we analyzed gene expression microarray data and Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) to identify that the transcription factor was the main downstream regulator of () Quantitative PCR and western blot results showed that SIRT1 inhibited SREBP1 and further downregulated Pirin (PIR) and Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome after PM exposure. Inhibitors of SIRT1, SREBP1, and PIR could reverse PM-induced inflammation. An analysis revealed that PIR correlated with smoke exposure and early COPD. Immunohistochemical analysis of tissue microarrays from PM-fed mouse models was used to determine the association of PIR with PM. These data demonstrate that the SIRT1-SREBP1-PIR/ NLRP3 inflammasome axis may be associated with PM-induced adverse health issues. SIRT1 functions as a protector from PM exposure, whereas PIR acts as a predictor of PM-induced pulmonary disease. The SIRT1-SREBP1-PIR/ NLRP3 inflammasome axis may present several potential therapeutic targets for PM-related adverse health events.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Aging
ISSN: 1945-4589
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Barriers used to separate and remove PARTICULATE MATTER from air.

Visible gaseous suspension of carbon and other particulate matter emitted from burning substances.

Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.

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