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Determination of cerebral edema with serial measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter during treatment in children with diabetic ketoacidosis: a longitudinal study.

08:00 EDT 12th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Determination of cerebral edema with serial measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter during treatment in children with diabetic ketoacidosis: a longitudinal study."

Background Cerebral edema is a fatal complication that can occur in children with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Its clinical signs are generally not explicit, and subclinical cerebral edema can occur. This study is one of the few longitudinal studies conducted to identify cerebral edema in patients with DKA by measuring the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD). The aim of this study was to investigate cerebral edema in children with DKA with serial measurement of ONSD, which is an early and reliable indicator of cerebral edema, and to monitor changes in ONSD during therapy. Methods The study was conducted by measuring ONSD ultrasonographically at baseline and during the course of therapy in patients with DKA. All participants were diagnosed and received therapy at our unit between May 2016 and June 2017. The study was registered with the Clinical Trials database, with a study number of NCT02937441. Measurements were obtained while the patients were in the supine position with their eyes closed, and axial transbulbar images of both eyes were obtained with a 6-15-MHz linear probe. Results The ONSD values of children with DKA changed during the treatment, reaching the highest values at 12-16 h of therapy, and the greatest ONSD was observed in children who had moderate and severe DKA. Conclusions During treatment of children with DKA, it is possible to predict cerebral edema by measuring ONSD, and this may contribute to clinical management, especially fluid treatment.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM
ISSN: 2191-0251
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Set of cell bodies and nerve fibers conducting impulses from the eyes to the cerebral cortex. It includes the RETINA; OPTIC NERVE; optic tract; and geniculocalcarine tract.

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