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Renal fibrosis is the common pathway of chronic kidney disease progression. The nuclear receptor farnesoid X receptor [FXR, NR1H4 (nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group member 4)], a multifunctional transcription factor, plays a pivotal role in protecting against fibrosis. However, the mechanisms underlying these antifibrotic actions of FXR in kidney disease are largely unknown. Here, we show that agonist GW4064-mediated FXR activation inhibits the activity of the nonreceptor tyrosine kinase Src (proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase), which is critical for regulation of yes-associated protein (YAP) phosphorylation and nuclear localization in renal fibrosis. Activation of FXR suppressed renal fibrosis and Tyr416-Src phosphorylation in TGF-β-treated human renal proximal tubule epithelial (HK2) cells. Moreover, GW4064 treatment in HK2 cells increased Ser127 phosphorylation, cytosolic accumulation of YAP, and interaction of the hippo core kinases (Ste20-like kinase 1, large tumor suppressor kinase 1, and salvador homolog 1). Inhibition of Src using PP2 (Src kinase inhibitor) prevented renal fibrosis and increased Ser127 phosphorylation and cytosolic accumulation of YAP. The expression of fibrosis markers, inflammatory genes, and YAP target genes was increased in the kidneys of FXR knockout mice compared with those of wild-type mice. In addition, GW4064 or WAY-362450 (turofexorate isopropyl) treatment protected against unilateral ureteral obstruction-induced renal fibrosis. Collectively, our data support the novel conclusion that Src-mediated crosstalk between FXR and YAP protects against renal fibrosis, making this pathway a possible therapeutic target for chronic kidney disease.-Kim, D.-H., Choi, H.-I., Park, J. S., Kim, C. S., Bae, E. H., Ma, S. K., Kim, S. W. Src-mediated crosstalk between FXR and YAP protects against renal fibrosis.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Renal fibrosis is the common final outcome of nearly all progressive chronic kidney diseases (CKD) that eventually develop into end-stage renal failure, which threatens the lives of patients. Currentl...
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Hardening of the KIDNEY due to infiltration by fibrous connective tissue (FIBROSIS), usually caused by renovascular diseases or chronic HYPERTENSION. Nephrosclerosis leads to renal ISCHEMIA.
Irreversible FIBROSIS of the submucosal tissue of the MOUTH.
The amount of PLASMA that perfuses the KIDNEYS per unit time, approximately 10% greater than effective renal plasma flow (RENAL PLASMA FLOW, EFFECTIVE). It should be differentiated from the RENAL BLOOD FLOW; (RBF), which refers to the total volume of BLOOD flowing through the renal vasculature, while the renal plasma flow refers to the rate of plasma flow (RPF).
Persistent high BLOOD PRESSURE due to KIDNEY DISEASES, such as those involving the renal parenchyma, the renal vasculature, or tumors that secrete RENIN.
A chronic, acquired, idiopathic, progressive eruption of the skin that occurs in the context of RENAL FAILURE. It is sometimes accompanied by systemic fibrosis. The pathogenesis seems to be multifactorial, with postulated involvement of circulating fibrocytes. There is a strong association between this disorder and the use of gadolinium-based contrast agents.
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Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...