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Droplet evaporation is widespread in natural and industrial application, and the rapid and efficient evaporation can significantly improve energy efficiency. However, the fundamental mechanism of contact line dynamics and the microscopic characteristics of evaporating nanodroplets are not well understood. Moreover, how to design a nanostructure surface to enhance nanodroplet evaporation remains unclear. Here, through molecular dynamics simulation, we investigated the evaporation dynamics of nanodroplets on various nanoring surfaces with different geometric parameters and wettability. By measuring the changes of contact radius and contact angle, the results showed that nanodroplets successively exhibit constant contact angle (CCA), constant contact radius (CCR), and mix mode during evaporation, and the evaporation-induced CCA-CCR transition, in essence, is a Cassie-Wenzel wetting transition, whose onset time is remarkably dependent on the surface roughness and wettability. We found that this evaporation-induced wetting transition is postponed on the surface with small nanostructure spacing and weak hydrophilicity, and the evaporation rate of nanodroplets improves accordingly. The dense and hydrophobic nanostructures can not only restrain the Cassie-Wenzel transition, but also enhance the evaporation rate of nanodroplets. Last, through the potential energy field analysis of nanoring substrates, we revealed that the Cassie-Wenzel wetting transition of nanodroplets is a process of molecule migration to low potential energy regions. Our work provides guidance for designing nanostructure surfaces to effectively control the droplet wetting state and enhance its mass transfer performance of phase change.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids
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