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P(V) Reagents for the Scalable Synthesis of Natural and Modified Nucleoside Triphosphates.

08:00 EDT 12th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "P(V) Reagents for the Scalable Synthesis of Natural and Modified Nucleoside Triphosphates."

Natural and modified nucleoside triphosphates impact nearly every major aspect of healthcare research from DNA sequencing to drug discovery. However, a scalable synthetic route to these molecules has long been hindered by the need for purification by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Here, we describe a fundamental-ly different approach that uses a novel P(V) pyrene pyro-phosphate reagent to generate derivatives that are purified by silica gel chromatography and converted to the desired compounds on scales vastly exceeding those achievable by HPLC. The power of this approach is demonstrated through the synthesis of a broad range of natural and un-natural nucleoside triphosphates (dNTPs and xNTPs) using protocols that are efficient, inexpensive, and operationally straightforward.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of the American Chemical Society
ISSN: 1520-5126
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of nucleoside triphosphates to nucleoside diphosphates. It may also catalyze the hydrolysis of nucleotide triphosphates, diphosphates, thiamine diphosphates and FAD. The nucleoside triphosphate phosphohydrolases I and II are subtypes of the enzyme which are found mostly in viruses.

An enzyme that catalyzes reversible reactions of a nucleoside triphosphate, e.g., ATP, with a nucleoside monophosphate, e.g., UMP, to form ADP and UDP. Many nucleoside monophosphates can act as acceptor while many ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates can act as donor. EC 2.7.4.4.

An enzyme that is found in mitochondria and in the soluble cytoplasm of cells. It catalyzes reversible reactions of a nucleoside triphosphate, e.g., ATP, with a nucleoside diphosphate, e.g., UDP, to form ADP and UTP. Many nucleoside diphosphates can act as acceptor, while many ribo- and deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates can act as donor. EC 2.7.4.6.

A modified nucleoside which is present in the first position of the anticodon of tRNA-tyrosine, tRNA-histidine, tRNA-asparagine and tRNA-aspartic acid of many organisms. It is believed to play a role in the regulatory function of tRNA. Nucleoside Q can be further modified to nucleoside Q*, which has a mannose or galactose moiety linked to position 4 of its cyclopentenediol moiety.

An enzyme that catalyzes reversibly the phosphorylation of deoxycytidine with the formation of a nucleoside diphosphate and deoxycytidine monophosphate. Cytosine arabinoside can also act as an acceptor. All natural nucleoside triphosphates, except deoxycytidine triphosphate, can act as donors. The enzyme is induced by some viruses, particularly the herpes simplex virus (HERPESVIRUS HOMINIS). EC 2.7.1.74.

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