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Fatty acids are a structurally diverse category of lipids with a myriad of biochemical functions, which includes their role as building blocks of more complex lipids (e.g., glycerophospholipids and triacyl-glycerols). Increasingly, the analysis of fatty acids is undertaken using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), due to its versatility in the detection of lipids across a wide range of concen-trations and diversity of molecular structures and masses. Previous work has shown that fixed-charge pyridinium derivatives are effective in enhancing the detection of fatty acids in LC-MS workflows. Herein, we describe the development of two novel pyridinium fixed-charged derivatization reagents that incorporate a photolabile aryl iodide that is selectively activated by laser irradiation inside the mass spectrometer. Photodissociation mass spectra of fatty acids conjugated to 1-(3-(aminomethyl)-4-iodophenyl)pyridin-1-ium (4-I-AMPP+) and 1-(4-(aminomethyl)-3-iodophenyl)pyridin-1-ium (3-I-AMPP+) derivatives reveal structurally diagnostic product ions. These spectra feature radical-directed dissociation of the carbon-carbon bonds within the fatty acyl chain, enabling structural assignments of fatty acids and discrimination of isomers that differ in site(s) of unsaturation, methyl branching or cy-clopropanation. These derivatives are shown to be suitable for hyphenated LC-MS methods and their predictable photodissociation behavior allows de novo identification of unusual fatty acids within a biological context.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Analytical chemistry
Structural Elucidation of Presilphiperfolane-7α,8α-diol, a Bioactive Sesquiterpenoid from Pulicaria vulgaris: A Combined Approach of Solvent-Induced Chemical Shifts, GIAO Calculation of Chemical Shifts, and Full Spin Analysis.
Structural elucidation of a new triquinane sesquiterpenoid, presilphiperfolane-7α,8α-diol, 1a, isolated from Pulicaria vulgaris, was accomplished by combining solvent-induced removal of chemical shi...
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An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.
The internal resistance of a material to moving some parts of it parallel to a fixed plane, in contrast to stretching (TENSILE STRENGTH) or compression (COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH). Ionic crystals are brittle because, when subjected to shear, ions of the same charge are brought next to each other, which causes repulsion.
Rare disease characterized by COLOBOMA; CHOANAL ATRESIA; and abnormal SEMICIRCULAR CANALS. Mutations in CHD7 protein resulting in disturbed neural crest development are associated with CHARGE Syndrome.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
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