Highly hydrophilic cationic gold nanorods stabilized by novel quaternary ammonium surfactant with negligible cytotoxicity.

08:00 EDT 12th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Highly hydrophilic cationic gold nanorods stabilized by novel quaternary ammonium surfactant with negligible cytotoxicity."

The photothermal cancer therapy using cationic gold nanorods (GNRs) stabilized by quaternary ammonium salts (QAS) have a great potential to enhance conventional cancer treatment as it promises the effective eradication of cancer cells including cells resistant to radio- and chemo-therapy and the stimulation of anti-tumor immune response. However, as the cytotoxicity of the conventional alkanethiol-QAS compounds limits their utility in medicine, here we developed GNRs modified by novel highly hydrophilic cationic surfactant composed of the quaternary ammonium group and ethylene glycol chain - N,N,N-trimethyl-3,6,9,12,15-pentaoxaheptadecyl-17-sulfanyl-1-ammonium bromide (POSAB) showing insignificant cytotoxicity in the free state. Surface modification of GNRs by POSAB allowed to prepare nanoparticles with good stability in water, high cellular uptake and localization in lysosomes that are a promising alternative to alkanethiol-stabilized GNRs especially for biomedical applications. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of biophotonics
ISSN: 1864-0648


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Unstable isotopes of gold that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Au 185-196, 198-201, and 203 are radioactive gold isotopes.

Stable gold atoms that have the same atomic number as the element gold, but differ in atomic weight. Au-197 is a stable isotope.

Bactericidal cationic quaternary ammonium surfactant used as a topical anti-infective agent. It is an ingredient in medicaments, deodorants, mouthwashes, etc., and is used to disinfect apparatus, etc., in the food processing and pharmaceutical industries, in surgery, and also as a preservative. The compound is toxic orally as a result of neuromuscular blockade.

A suspension of metallic gold particles.

Inorganic compounds that contain gold as an integral part of the molecule.

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