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This scoping review provides a summary of research findings on social support dynamics in the aftermath of disasters that occurred on the continent of Australia and Oceania between 1983 and 2013. Forty-one studies, both quantitative and qualitative, that investigated different facets of postdisaster supportive interactions were summarized. All investigations examined disasters resulting from natural hazards, with majority of them conducted following events in Australia and New Zealand. The review revealed similar patterns of postdisaster social support dynamics that routinely unfold after disastrous events all over the world. Consistent with disaster mental health literature - social support mobilization and social support deterioration processes were commonly documented. Salutary direct effects of supportive behaviors on postdisaster psychological distress were also highly evident. Most studies, however, posed research questions or hypotheses that lacked theoretical or empirical groundings. In conclusion, the review offers several recommendations on how to advance research examining postdisaster social support. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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The benefits of social support for caregivers raising a child with a disability have been identified in the literature. These benefits include the improvement of the mental and physical well-being of ...
This scoping review aims to identify and map the use of technology in measuring and analyzing older adults' social networks in the context of health and social care.
A scoping review was conducted, using a social ecological model approach, of 106 articles examining the effect of disability on food access and (in)security. Results of the review show a consistently ...
Frailty is highly prevalent in later life and associated with early mortality and adverse health outcomes. The neighborhood has been identified as an important contributor to individual health, and ne...
The refugee and homeless population has been increasing worldwide in recent years. Staff in social work provide practical help to these populations, but often struggle with high job demands. This scop...
The purpose of this study was to discuss the relation of mastery, social support and depression in patients with depressive disorder. Cross-sectional quantitive study and purposive samplin...
This study tests the effects of social support and education on the health and well-being of people with fibromyalgia (FMS). We recruited 600 adults with a confirmed diagnosis of FMS from ...
Social anxiety disorder among youth is highly prevalent and causes significant impairment in the lives of the affected. In spite of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) being an effective trea...
To examine the role of social support in attenuating ischemic responses to psychological stress, both in the laboratory and during daily life.
To examine the mechanism through which social support affects morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Investigations conducted on the physical health of teeth involving use of a tool that transmits hot or cold electric currents on a tooth's surface that can determine problems with that tooth based on reactions to the currents.
A formal process of examination of patient care or research proposals for conformity with ethical standards. The review is usually conducted by an organized clinical or research ethics committee (CLINICAL ETHICS COMMITTEES or RESEARCH ETHICS COMMITTEES), sometimes by a subset of such a committee, an ad hoc group, or an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS).
Review of the medical necessity of hospital or other health facility admissions, upon or within a short time following an admission, and periodic review of services provided during the course of treatment.
Formal programs for assessing drug prescription against some standard. Drug utilization review may consider clinical appropriateness, cost effectiveness, and, in some cases, outcomes. Review is usually retrospective, but some analysis may be done before drugs are dispensed (as in computer systems which advise physicians when prescriptions are entered). Drug utilization review is mandated for Medicaid programs beginning in 1993.
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...