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Preoperative risk assessment of patients with chronic liver disease is an important part of hepatology practice. Patients with cirrhosis undergoing major surgery are at significantly increased risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality. It is the hepatologist's responsibility to estimate such risk and advise the surgical team and the patient on how to proceed. Continued advances in surgical technologies and medical care are leading to increasing numbers of referrals for preoperative evaluation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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Name: Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)
In patients with idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension (INCPH), data on morbi-mortality of abdominal surgery are scarce We retrospectively analyzed the charts of patients with INCPH undergoing a...
Portal Hypertension (PHT) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric liver diseases. Thus, research into causes and disease modifiers in PHT in these conditions is vitally important. PHT...
Portal hypertension (PHT) is either a significant risk factor of development of splenic artery aneurysm (SAA), or predisposing factor of rupture.
To explore the regulatory effect of micro ribonucleic acid-26b (miR-26b) on rat models of cirrhotic portal hypertension and the underlying mechanism of action.
Portal hypertension might be used as a predictor for recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to determine whether the degree of portal hypertension assessed by computed...
Portal pressure gradient (PPG) above 12 mmHg after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) increases the risk of portal hypertension complications. Currently, a PPG reduction
Portal hypertension is a common complication of chronic liver diseases and is responsible for most clinical consequences of cirrhosis. measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient(H...
Portal hypertension is not a disease in itself. Rather, it is an indication of an illness, caused mostly by chronic lesions of the liver because of distinct causes, such as viral infection...
The objective of this study is to evaluate the pre-operative symptoms and medical history of patients with portal hypertension who have undergone placement of H-graft portacaval shunts and...
Investigate vasoactive medicators in portal hypertension on stored sera
Surgical venous shunt between the portal and systemic circulation to effect decompression of the portal circulation. It is performed primarily in the treatment of bleeding esophageal varices resulting from portal hypertension. Types of shunt include portacaval, splenorenal, mesocaval, splenocaval, left gastric-caval (coronary-caval), portarenal, umbilicorenal, and umbilicocaval.
Dilated blood vessels in the ESOPHAGUS or GASTRIC FUNDUS that shunt blood from the portal circulation (PORTAL SYSTEM) to the systemic venous circulation. Often they are observed in individuals with portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).
Abnormal increase of resistance to blood flow within the hepatic PORTAL SYSTEM, frequently seen in LIVER CIRRHOSIS and conditions with obstruction of the PORTAL VEIN.
A type of surgical portasystemic shunt to reduce portal hypertension with associated complications of esophageal varices and ascites. It is performed percutaneously through the jugular vein and involves the creation of an intrahepatic shunt between the hepatic vein and portal vein. The channel is maintained by a metallic stent. The procedure can be performed in patients who have failed sclerotherapy and is an additional option to the surgical techniques of portocaval, mesocaval, and splenorenal shunts. It takes one to three hours to perform. (JAMA 1995;273(23):1824-30)
A syndrome characterized by the clinical triad of advanced chronic liver disease, pulmonary vascular dilatations, and reduced arterial oxygenation (HYPOXEMIA) in the absence of intrinsic cardiopulmonary disease. This syndrome is common in the patients with LIVER CIRRHOSIS or portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...