The influence of gender and body dissatisfaction on body-related attentional bias: An eye-tracking and virtual reality study.

08:00 EDT 13th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The influence of gender and body dissatisfaction on body-related attentional bias: An eye-tracking and virtual reality study."

In the attentional bias (AB) phenomenon, eating disorder (ED) patients show a tendency to pay more attention to self-attributed unattractive body parts than to other body parts. However, little research has focused on gender differences in body-related attention, controlling for body dissatisfaction (BD). This study aimed to assess gender differences in AB toward specific weight- or nonweight-related body parts using a virtual reality (VR)-based embodiment technique and an eye-tracking AB assessment.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The International journal of eating disorders
ISSN: 1098-108X


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [22970 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Body image in and out of the lab: Correspondence between lab-based attentional bias data and body shape dissatisfaction experiences in daily life.

Accumulating lab-based studies have identified attentional biases in processing of negative appearance-related information among individuals with elevated trait body shape and weight dissatisfaction (...

The importance of motivational orientation towards the muscular ideal versus the stigmatised burdensome body in male body dissatisfaction.

Internalisation of the muscular ideal is a vulnerability factor for body dissatisfaction in males. It is unclear, however, whether body dissatisfaction results from approach towards the muscular ideal...

"I just don't want to be fat!": body talk, body dissatisfaction, and eating disorder symptoms in mother-adolescent girl dyads.

Mothers serve as a primary socializing figure among adolescent girls at a time when they are at high risk of body image concerns and disordered eating behavior, and this influence may vary by weight s...

Role of parental confirmation in body dissatisfaction and body change behaviors among college men.

To examine how the components of confirmation (i.e., acceptance and challenge) from mother and father have an indirect effect on college men's body dissatisfaction through self-concept, and if body di...

Trait body image flexibility as a predictor of body image states in everyday life of young Australian women.

The present study evaluated whether individuals with varying levels of trait body image flexibility differ in the severity, variability, and correlates of state body dissatisfaction experienced in the...

Clinical Trials [15767 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Attention Training and Its Effects on Body Image Disturbance

Research has consistently found attentional biases towards negative weight-related stimuli in individuals with eating disorders. It has been suggested that these biases may act as a vulner...

Singing Your Negative Body-Related Thoughts

Eating disorders are characterized by intense mental preoccupation with body shape and weight. Even in the absence of disordered eating, high levels of body dissatisfaction prospectively p...

Attentional Bias Modification Training for People With Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain

Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a complex medical condition associated with significant distress, disability, and reduction in quality of life. Research has shown that patients with chron...

Attentional Bias Modification in Patients With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of 9 sessions of computerized attentional bias training on attentional bias and on symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Using Attention Training to Reduce Adolescents' Anxious Symptoms

During adolescence, youth undergo rapid developmental change and in some cases experience increases in worries and fearfulness, although the mechanisms that underlie this change are unclea...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An increased focus or awareness of certain stimuli over others, which influence behavior.

An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)

The influence of study results on the chances of publication and the tendency of investigators, reviewers, and editors to submit or accept manuscripts for publication based on the direction or strength of the study findings. Publication bias has an impact on the interpretation of clinical trials and meta-analyses. Bias can be minimized by insistence by editors on high-quality research, thorough literature reviews, acknowledgement of conflicts of interest, modification of peer review practices, etc.

The wounding of the body or body parts by branding, cutting, piercing (BODY PIERCING), or TATTOOING as a cultural practice or expression of creativity or identity.

A marked difference between the individual’s expressed/experienced gender and the gender others would assign him or her, and it must continue for at least six months. (from DSM-5)

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article