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Spin-Hall Topological Hall Effect in Highly Tunable Pt/Ferrimagnetic-Insulator Bilayers.

08:00 EDT 16th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Spin-Hall Topological Hall Effect in Highly Tunable Pt/Ferrimagnetic-Insulator Bilayers."

Electrical detection of topological magnetic textures such as skyrmions is currently limited to conducting materials. While magnetic insulators offer key advantages for skyrmion technologies with high speed and low loss, they have not yet been explored electrically. Here, we report a prominent topological Hall effect in Pt/TmFeO bilayers, where the pristine TmFeO epitaxial films down to 1.25 unit cell thickness allow for tuning of topological Hall stability over a broad range from 200 to 465 K through atomic-scale thickness control. Although TmFeO is insulating, we demonstrate the detection of topological magnetic textures through a novel phenomenon: "spin-Hall topological Hall effect" (SH-THE), where the interfacial spin-orbit torques allow spin-Hall-effect generated spins in Pt to experience the unique topology of the underlying skyrmions in TmFeO. This novel electrical detection phenomenon paves a new path for utilizing a large family of magnetic insulators in future skyrmion technologies.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Nano letters
ISSN: 1530-6992
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