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Medical Use and Misuse of Prescription Opioids in the US Adult Population: 2016-2017.

08:00 EDT 18th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Medical Use and Misuse of Prescription Opioids in the US Adult Population: 2016-2017."

To characterize prescription opioid medical users and misusers among US adults. We used the 2016-2017 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health to compare medical prescription opioid users with misusers without prescriptions, misusers of own prescriptions, and misusers with both types of misuse. Multinomial logistic regressions identified substance use characteristics and mental and physical health characteristics that distinguished the groups. Among prescription opioid users, 12% were misusers; 58% of misusers misused their own prescriptions. Misusers had higher rates of substance use than did medical users. Compared with with-prescription-only misusers, without-and-with-prescription misusers and without-prescription-only misusers had higher rates of marijuana use and benzodiazepine misuse; without-and-with-prescription misusers had higher rates of heroin use. Compared with without-prescription-only misusers, without-and-with-prescription and with-prescription-only misusers had higher rates of prescription opioid use disorder. Most misusers, especially with-prescription-only misusers, used prescription opioids to relieve pain. Misusers were more likely to be depressed than medical users. Prescription opioid misusers who misused both their own prescriptions and prescription opioid drugs not prescribed to them may be most at risk for overdose. Prescription opioid misuse is a polysubstance use problem. (. Published online ahead of print July 18, 2019: e1-e8. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2019.305162).

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: American journal of public health
ISSN: 1541-0048
Pages: e1-e8

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Improper use of drugs or medications outside the intended purpose, scope, or guidelines for use. This is in contrast to MEDICATION ADHERENCE, and distinguished from DRUG ABUSE, which is a deliberate or willful action.

Use of a drug for a purpose not consistent with legal or medical guidelines.

The transfer of prescription drugs from legal to illegal distribution and marketing networks.

Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.

Drugs that cannot be sold legally without a prescription.

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