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Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics (BOMD) is a promising simulation method for exploring the possible reaction pathways of a chemical system, but one significant challenge is the increased difficulty of converging the self-consistent field (SCF) calculation that often accompanies the breaking and forming of chemical bonds. To address this challenge, we developed an enhancement to the BOMD simulation method called the Car-Parrinello monitor (CPMonitor) that uses Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) to recover from SCF convergence failures. CPMonitor works by detecting SCF convergence failures in BOMD and switching to a CPMD Hamiltonian to propagate through the region of configuration space where the SCF calculation is unable to converge, then switching back to BOMD when good convergence behavior is re-established. We present a series of simulation studies that use CPMonitor, including detailed studies of the thermodynamic and dynamical properties of simple systems, as well as nanoreactor simulations containing transition metal atoms that were previously not possible to simulate using standard BOMD methods. Our studies show that CPMonitor can make BOMD simulations robust to SCF convergence difficulties and improve simulation performance and stability in reaction discovery applications.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of chemical theory and computation
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A computer simulation developed to study the motion of molecules over a period of time.
A spectroscopic technique which uses the Mossbauer effect (inelastic scattering of gamma radiation resulting from interaction with heavy nuclei) to monitor the small variations in the interaction between an atomic nucleus and its environment. Such variations may be induced by changes in temperature, pressure, chemical state, molecular conformation, molecular interaction, or physical site. It is particularly useful for studies of structure-activity relationship in metalloproteins, mobility of heavy metals, and the state of whole tissue and cell membranes.
The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.
Non-invasive imaging of cells that have been labeled non-destructively, such as with nanoemulsions or reporter genes that can be detected by molecular imaging, to monitor their location, viability, cell lineage expansion, response to drugs, movement, or other behaviors in vivo.
Large, robust forms of brown algae (PHAEOPHYCEAE) in the order Laminariales. They are a major component of the lower intertidal and sublittoral zones on rocky coasts in temperate and polar waters. Kelp, a kind of SEAWEED, usually refers to species in the genera LAMINARIA or MACROCYSTIS, but the term may also be used for species in FUCUS or Nereocystis.