Topics

Frailty Assessment in Animal Models.

08:00 EDT 22nd July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Frailty Assessment in Animal Models."

Although frailty has been extensively investigated for the last 2 decades, preclinical models of frailty have only been developed over the past decade. Frailty is a concept that helps to explain the difference between chronologic age and biologic age and to discuss health span along with lifespan. In general, a frail individual will be more susceptible to adverse health outcomes than a healthy, nonfrail individual of the same age. However, the biology and mechanisms of frailty are still unclear. The development of preclinical models of frailty and frailty assessment tools are invaluable to geriatric research. This review briefly describes the concept of frailty and discusses the newly developed animal models of frailty, specifically the frailty phenotype- and frailty index-based models. Mouse models are the most common models for preclinical frailty research, but rat and canine models for frailty assessment have also been developed. These models can facilitate the testing of frailty-specific treatments and help to investigate the effects of various interventions on frailty. Similarities and differences between human and animal models, including sex differences in frailty, are also discussed. The availability of animal models of frailty is a valuable and welcome addition to the study of frailty, aging, or the disorders of old age and will enable a better understanding of frailty mechanisms.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Gerontology
ISSN: 1423-0003
Pages: 1-10

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [13821 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Frailty index and phenotype frailty score: sex- and age-related differences in 5XFAD transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.

Alzheimer's disease patients (AD), as well as AD transgenic mice, are characterized by increased frailty. Furthermore, the assessment of frailty status represents a feasible approach for detecting ind...

Measuring Frailty in Inpatient Rehabilitation.

In response to the global aging population, there has been increasing research on frailty. How frailty is conceptualized is shifting with the development of frailty models especially in the acute care...

Frailty as a Predictor of Neurosurgical Outcomes in Brain Tumor Patients.

Preoperative risk assessment is important, but inexact, because physiologic reserves are difficult to measure. When assessing quality of life for brain tumor patients, having a better predictor of pos...

Cirrhosis and frailty assessment in elderly patients: A paradoxical result.

The frailty represents a key determinant of elderly clinical assessment, especially because it allows the identification of risk factors potentially modifiable by clinical and therapeutic intervention...

The hospital frailty risk score in patients with heart failure is strongly associated with outcomes but less so with pharmacotherapy.

Although frailty is known to be an important prognostic factor in heart failure (HF), HF risk-adjustment models do not incorporate frailty measures and the interplay between frailty, age, and pharmaco...

Clinical Trials [4393 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

SPOT-FRAILTY Assessment of Frailty in Patients Over the Age of 70 Undergoing a Cardiac Intervention

Rocha (2017), published a systematic review and meta-analysis highlighting the clinical utility of frailty scales for the prediction of post-operative complications. The results of the rev...

Frailty as a Predictor of Neurosurgical Outcomes in Brain Tumor Patients

Frailty as an adjunct to preoperative assessment of neurosurgical patients has never been evaluated. This study aims to determine if frailty predicts neurosurgical complications in brain t...

Assessing Frailty in Elderly Patients Who Have Ischemic Heart Disease

Participants aged 80 years or over, who attend Castle Hill Hospital with either stable angina or an acute coronary syndrome will be invited to participate in the study. After induction int...

Validation of a Frailty Self Assessment Tool

The number of elderly is increasing throughout of the world. Aging is associated with increasing diseases that may be preventable. Over the last decades, frailty has emerged as one of the ...

Frailty Assessment of Patients With Gastrointestinal Surgery

Patients aged 65 or older under gastrointestinal surgery will be enrolled,the investigators will assess the frailty of these patients by Frailty Index Scale and explore the correlation b...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.

Theoretical models simulating behavior or activities in nursing, including nursing care, management and economics, theory, assessment, research, and education. Some examples of these models include Orem Self-Care Model, Roy Adaptation Model, and Rogers Life Process Model.

Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.

Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.

Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Geriatrics
Geriatrics is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the diagnosis and management of diseases and disorders that occur in old age. A specialty is required because of the frequency of co-morbidities in these patients and the reduced strength of the...


Searches Linking to this Article