Diagnostic Accuracy of Transabdominal Ultrasound in detecting intestinal inflammation in paediatric IBD patients- a systematic review.

08:00 EDT 23rd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Diagnostic Accuracy of Transabdominal Ultrasound in detecting intestinal inflammation in paediatric IBD patients- a systematic review."

Currently used non-invasive tools for monitoring children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), such as faecal calprotectin, do not accurately reflect the degree of intestinal inflammation and do not provide information on disease location. Ultrasound (US) might be of added value. This systematic review aimed to assess the diagnostic test accuracy of transabdominal ultrasound (US) in detecting intestinal inflammation in children with IBD both in diagnostic and follow up setting.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of Crohn's & colitis
ISSN: 1876-4479


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Very small encapsulated gas bubbles (diameters of micrometers) that can be used as CONTRAST MEDIA, and in other diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Upon exposure to sufficiently intense ultrasound, microbubbles will cavitate, rupture, disappear, release gas content, etc. Such characteristics of the microbubbles can be used to enhance diagnostic tests, dissolve blood clots, and deliver drugs or genes for therapy.

The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections of echoes of pulses of ultrasonic waves directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.

The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.

A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.

A condition caused by the lack of intestinal PERISTALSIS or INTESTINAL MOTILITY without any mechanical obstruction. This interference of the flow of INTESTINAL CONTENTS often leads to INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION. Ileus may be classified into postoperative, inflammatory, metabolic, neurogenic, and drug-induced.

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