Determining Patient's Wishes and Preferences.

08:00 EDT 1st July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Determining Patient's Wishes and Preferences."

It is legally required to determine and respect patient preferences and wishes as much as possible under the circumstances given. This also applies to emergency medicine and intensive care, particularly if a patient is unconscious and is not able to give his consent by him-/herself. According to German law, patients' explicit written statements (advance directive, living will) are mandatory. If no advance directive is available, or if the directive does not match the current medical circumstances, other (oral) statements of the individual patient have to be scrutinized to identify presumed wishes and establish presumed consent. Such wishes are equally binding. The article explicates the role of legal proxies (legal guardians, patient representatives) in determining patients' wishes. Detailed instructions and recommendations are given to medical staff on how to support legal representatives and next of kin with respect to shared decision-making and the process of determining patient preferences. This way, patient autonomy and patients' rights can be protected best.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Anasthesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie : AINS
ISSN: 1439-1074
Pages: 474-483


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [11031 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Determining patient preferences in a glaucoma service: A discrete choice experiment.

Patient perspectives are crucial in informing design of acceptable services.

A Multinational European Study of Patient Preferences for Novel Diagnostics to Manage Antimicrobial Resistance.

Novel diagnostics are needed to manage antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Patient preferences are important in determining whether diagnostic tests are successful in practice, but there are few data des...

The concept of patient-oriented approach as a key tool of social economic development.

The article considers the need for a new model of health care. In the provision of patient care, individual needs and desired outcomes are the driving force behind all decisions in health and quality ...

Early experiences with patient generated health data: health system and patient perspectives.

Although patient generated health data (PGHD) has stimulated excitement about its potential to increase patient engagement and to offer clinicians new insights into patient health status, we know litt...

Compassionate End-of-Life Care: Mixed-Methods Multisite Evaluation of the 3 Wishes Project.

The 3 Wishes Project (3WP) is an end-of-life program that aims to honor the dignity of dying patients by creating meaningful patient- and family-centered memories while promoting humanistic interprofe...

Clinical Trials [3977 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Me & My Wishes: An Efficacy Trial Using Videos

The aim of this study is to determine whether the Me & My Wishes intervention positively impacts communication of preferences among nursing home residents with dementia and their family ca...

A Multicenter Implementation Study of the 3 Wishes Project

The 3 Wishes Project (3WP) was created to promote the connections between patients, family members, and clinicians that are foundational to empathic end-of-life care. It provides a scaffol...

Multi-channel Dissemination of Information for Digital Advance Care Planning Platform (Our Care Wishes) to Hospital Admits

Penn Medicine has created a novel, online, evidence-based advance care planning (ACP) platform through its Center for Health Care Innovation. The platform is called "Our Care Wishes" and u...

Female Patient Preferences Regarding Physician Gender

This is a cross sectional survey study to describe female patient preferences when choosing their OB/GYN and other providers.

RAND Center of Excellence for the Study of Appropriateness of Care in CAM

The RAND approach to appropriateness makes it feasible to take the best of what is known from research and apply it—using the expertise of experienced clinicians—over the wide range of...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)

Process of evaluating the health of a patient and determining if they are healthy enough for surgery.

Accounting procedures for determining credit status and methods of obtaining payment.

A performance measure for rating the ability of a person to perform usual activities, evaluating a patient's progress after a therapeutic procedure, and determining a patient's suitability for therapy. It is used most commonly in the prognosis of cancer therapy, usually after chemotherapy and customarily administered before and after therapy. It was named for Dr. David A. Karnofsky, an American specialist in cancer chemotherapy.

A condition in which there is a derivation of pleasure from inflicting pain, discomfort or humiliation on another person or persons. The sexual significance of sadistic wishes or behavior may be conscious or unconscious.

Quick Search

DeepDyve research library

Searches Linking to this Article