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Clomiphene citrate is a first-line drug for the induction of ovulation in infertility cases. Leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV) is an extremely rare serious adverse drug reaction to clomiphene. We report here the case of a 30-year-old Indian female patient who presented with generalized petechiae and palpable purpura without fever and sparing the mucosa, temporally related to clomiphene intake and consistent with LCV histologically. Clomiphene was stopped and the patient was treated symptomatically with prednisolone 40 mg/day, oral levocetirizine 5 mg twice daily, and emollients and calamine lotion topically. The patient improved over 3-4 weeks. The prednisolone dose was tapered weekly and withdrawn gradually. To date, drug-induced LCV has not been previously reported with clomiphene. Although rare, clomiphene could be considered a potential cause of drug-induced cutaneous LCV in the differential diagnosis of erythematosus rash with non-blanching petechiae and purpura.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of basic and clinical physiology and pharmacology
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Disorder characterized by a vasculitic syndrome associated with exposure to an antigen such as a drug, infectious agent, or other foreign or endogenous substance. Its pathophysiology includes immune complex deposition and a wide range of skin lesions. Hypersensitivity or allergy is present in some but not all cases.
Inflammation of blood vessels within the central nervous system. Primary vasculitis is usually caused by autoimmune or idiopathic factors, while secondary vasculitis is caused by existing disease process. Clinical manifestations are highly variable but include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; behavioral alterations; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; and BRAIN INFARCTION. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp856-61)
Group of systemic vasculitis with a strong association with ANCA. The disorders are characterized by necrotizing inflammation of small and medium size vessels, with little or no immune-complex deposits in vessel walls.
Necrotizing VASCULITIS of small and medium size vessels, developing as a complication in RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS patients. It is characterized by peripheral vascular lesions, cutaneous ULCERS, peripheral GANGRENE, and MONONEURITIS MULTIPLEX.
Rare chronic inflammatory disease involving the small blood vessels. It is of unknown etiology and characterized by mucocutaneous ulceration in the mouth and genital region and uveitis with hypopyon. The neuro-ocular form may cause blindness and death. SYNOVITIS; THROMBOPHLEBITIS; gastrointestinal ulcerations; RETINAL VASCULITIS; and OPTIC ATROPHY may occur as well.
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