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When therapeutic expectancies are violated: An fMRI study.

08:00 EDT 27th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "When therapeutic expectancies are violated: An fMRI study."

Positive and negative expectancies drive behavioral and neurobiological placebo and nocebo effects which in turn can have profound effects on patient improvement or worsening. However, expectations of events and outcomes are often not met in daily life and clinical practice. It is currently unknown how this affects placebo and nocebo effects. We have demonstrated that the violation of expectancies, such as when a discrepancy between what is expected and what is actually presented, reduces both placebo and nocebo effects while causing an extinction of placebo effects. The reduction of placebo and nocebo effects was paralleled by an activation of the left inferior parietal cortex, a brain region that redirects attention when discrepancies between sensory and cognitive events occur. Our findings highlight the importance of expectancy violation in shaping placebo and nocebo effects and open up new avenues for managing positive and negative expectations in clinical trials and practices. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Name: Clinical pharmacology and therapeutics
ISSN: 1532-6535
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A work that reports on the results of a clinical study in which participants may receive diagnostic, therapeutic, or other types of interventions, but the investigator does not assign participants to specific interventions (as in an interventional study).

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