Asthma management and control in Nigeria: The Asthma Insight and Reality Nigeria (AIRNIG) study.

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Summary of "Asthma management and control in Nigeria: The Asthma Insight and Reality Nigeria (AIRNIG) study."

: The state of asthma management and asthma control at the population level in Nigeria are unknown. We aimed to determine the level of asthma control and asthma management practices in Nigeria. : A cross-sectional population-based study of 405 participants with current asthma (physician-diagnosed with use of asthma medication or asthma symptoms in the preceding 12 months). We determined the level of asthma control, self-perception of asthma control, health care use, missed work/school, and medication use. : Asthma was controlled in 6.2% of the participants. Night-time awakening and limitation in activity in the preceding four weeks were reported by 77.5% and 78.3% respectively, 56.3% and 14.1% missed work/school and had emergency room visits respectively and 11.6% and 38.8% used inhaled corticosteroid and short-acting beta-2 agonist respectively in the preceding year. About a third (34.3%) had spirometry ever performed and 46.7% had training on inhaler technique. Nearly 90% with uncontrolled asthma had self-perception of asthma control between somewhat and completely controlled. : The level of asthma control in Nigeria is poor with a high burden of asthma symptoms and limitation in activities. This calls for a broad-based approach for the enhancement of asthma care that encompasses education and access to medications.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Expert review of respiratory medicine
ISSN: 1747-6356


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