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Perturbation training, built upon motor adaptation and learning, has been increasingly used as a fall prevention paradigm in older adults. This training paradigm involves repeated externally-induced perturbations (like slips) to facilitate the error-driven learning of necessary motor skills for preventing falls. It remains unknown if people with multiple sclerosis can adapt to large-scale slip perturbations, which impedes the application of perturbation training in persons with multiple sclerosis. This study explored whether people with multiple sclerosis can adapt to large-scale repeated gait-slips.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Multiple sclerosis and related disorders
Gait adaptability in old age can be examined by responses to various perturbations. Fatigability due to mental or muscle exercises can perturb internal cognitive and muscle resources, necessitating ad...
Dual tasking during prolonged split-belt adaptation (10-15 min) has shown to slow the adaptation process and prolong aftereffects. Therefore, dual tasks during split-belt adaptation are being explor...
Osteoarthritis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has been linked with changes in gait. Individuals with reconstruction demonstrate gait changes after exercise, however there is no inform...
For human locomotion, varying environments require adjustments of the motor system. We asked whether age affects gait balance recovery adaptation, its retention over months and the transfer of adaptat...
It has been well established that with aging, walking becomes more challenging when dividing attention towards other tasks (i.e. dual-tasks) and when adapting walking to environmental demands. Althoug...
To maintain mobility as we age we must navigate a complex environment that challenges us with a range of disturbances. Unfortunately, older adults are often unsuccessful in resisting thes...
Investigators would like to examine, what are strategies for balance recovery in gait perturbations. Different perturbation types where used in the current study. The study involves the an...
Freezing of Gait (FOG) is a disabling symptom common in advanced Parkinson's Disease. FOG is an independent contributor to fall risk and is only partially relieved by medication. Parkinson...
Using movement analysis, the investigators will determine the relationships between diverse slip conditions, reactive responses to slips from those conditions, and slip vulnerability acros...
The long-term objective of this research is to develop an efficacious training paradigm to enhance older adults' defense mechanisms against falls and possibility reduce healthcare cost. Th...
The caring for individuals in institutions and their adaptation to routines characteristic of the institutional environment, and/or their loss of adaptation to life outside the institution.
The adjustment of the eye to variations in the intensity of light. Light adaptation is the adjustment of the eye when the light threshold is increased; DARK ADAPTATION when the light is greatly reduced. (From Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Heart enlargement and other remodeling in cardiac morphology and electrical circutry found in individuals who participate in intense repeated exercises.
Impaired ambulation not attributed to sensory impairment or motor weakness. FRONTAL LOBE disorders; BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES (e.g., PARKINSONIAN DISORDERS); DEMENTIA, MULTI-INFARCT; ALZHEIMER DISEASE; and other conditions may be associated with gait apraxia.
Changes in biological features that help an organism cope with its ENVIRONMENT. These changes include physiological (ADAPTATION, PHYSIOLOGICAL), phenotypic and genetic changes.
Spinal Cord Disorders
The spinal cord is a bundle of nerves that runs down the middle of the back which carry signals back and forth between the body and brain. It is protected by vertebrae, which are the bone disks that make up the spine. An accident that damages the verte...
Multiple Sclerosis MS
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common disabling neurological condition affecting 100,000 young adults in the UK. The condition results from autoimmune damage to myelin, causing interference in nerve signaling. Symptoms experienced depend on the pa...