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Surgical treatment of cardiac fibroma in a child with left ventricular noncompaction.

08:00 EDT 2nd August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Surgical treatment of cardiac fibroma in a child with left ventricular noncompaction."

Surgical treatment of cardiac fibroma is rare in patients with left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC). Although several case reports regarding cardiac fibroma have been published, resection in a patient with LVNC has not been described. Here, we describe the surgical treatment of left ventricular fibroma in a child with LVNC. We resected a cardiac fibroma in a 10-year-old boy with LVNC to control ventricular arrhythmia. Partial resection with careful tumor dissection was performed to avoid endocardial damage and entering the ventricular cavity. The postoperative course was uneventful, and the patient remains asymptomatic without heart failure or arrhythmia. Surgical excision of cardiac fibroma can be performed safely with excellent results, even in a child with LVNC.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of cardiac surgery
ISSN: 1540-8191
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease, characterized by left and/or right ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR; HYPERTROPHY, RIGHT VENTRICULAR), frequent asymmetrical involvement of the HEART SEPTUM, and normal or reduced left ventricular volume. Risk factors include HYPERTENSION; AORTIC STENOSIS; and gene MUTATION; (FAMILIAL HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY).

Rare congenital cardiomyopathies characterized by the lack of left ventricular myocardium compaction. The noncompaction results in numerous prominent trabeculations and a loose myocardial meshwork (spongy myocardium) in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Heterogeneous clinical features include diminished systolic function sometimes associated with left ventricular dilation, that presents either neonatally or progressively. Often, the RIGHT VENTRICLE is also affected. CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE; PULMONARY EMBOLISM; and ventricular ARRHYTHMIA are commonly seen.

Absence of the orifice between the RIGHT ATRIUM and RIGHT VENTRICLE, with the presence of an atrial defect through which all the systemic venous return reaches the left heart. As a result, there is left ventricular hypertrophy (HYPERTROPHY, LEFT VENTRICULAR) because the right ventricle is absent or not functional.

A condition in which the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE; MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the left ventricular wall.

The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.

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