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Recent trends and advances in microbe-based drug delivery systems.

08:00 EDT 2nd August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Recent trends and advances in microbe-based drug delivery systems."

Since more than a decade, pharmaceutical researchers endeavor to develop an effective, safe and target-specific drug delivery system to potentiate the therapeutic actions and reduce the side effects. The conventional drug delivery systems (DDSs) show the improvement in the lifestyle of the patients suffering from non-communicable diseases, autoimmune diseases but sometimes, drug resistance developed during the treatment is a major concern for clinicians to find an alternative and more advanced transport systems. Advancements in drug delivery facilitate the development of active carrier for targeted action with improved pharmacokinetic behavior. This review article focuses on microbe-based drug delivery systems to provide safe, non-toxic, site-specific targeted action with lesser side effects. Pharmaceutical researchers play a vital part in microbe-based drug delivery systems as a therapeutic agent and carrier. The properties of microorganisms like self-propulsion, in-situ production of therapeutics, penetration into the tumor cells, increase in immunity, etc. are of interest for development of highly effective delivery carrier. Lactococcus lactis is therapeutically helpful in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and is under investigation of phase I clinical trial. Moreover, bacteria, anti-cancer oncolytic viruses, viral vectors (gene therapy) and viral immunotherapy are the attractive areas of biotechnological research. Virus acts as a distinctive candidate for imaging of tumor and accumulation of active in tumor. Graphical abstract Classification of microbe-based drug delivery system.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Daru : journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
ISSN: 2008-2231
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Systems for the delivery of drugs to target sites of pharmacological actions. Technologies employed include those concerning drug preparation, route of administration, site targeting, metabolism, and toxicity.

Forms to which substances are incorporated to improve the delivery and the effectiveness of drugs. Drug carriers are used in drug-delivery systems such as the controlled-release technology to prolong in vivo drug actions, decrease drug metabolism, and reduce drug toxicity. Carriers are also used in designs to increase the effectiveness of drug delivery to the target sites of pharmacological actions. Liposomes, albumin microspheres, soluble synthetic polymers, DNA complexes, protein-drug conjugates, and carrier erythrocytes among others have been employed as biodegradable drug carriers.

Drug formulations or delivery systems intended to discourage the abuse of CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES. These may include physical barriers to prevent chewing or crushing the drug; chemical barriers that prevent extraction of psychoactive ingredients; agonist-antagonist combinations to reduce euphoria associated with abuse; aversion, where controlled substances are combined with others that will produce an unpleasant effect if the patient manipulates the dosage form or exceeds the recommended dose; delivery systems that are resistant to abuse such as implants; or combinations of these methods.

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