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Oxaliplatin induces severe peripheral neuropathy. The effect of donepezil, a drug used for treatment of Alzheimer's disease, on oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy was investigated using both in vivo and in vitro models. Donepezil effectively attenuated oxaliplatin- and cisplatin-induced inhibition of neurite outgrowth in cultured PC12 cells. In a rat model, repeated oral administration of donepezil (5 times/week for 4 weeks) ameliorated oxaliplatin-induced mechanical allodynia (von Frey test) and sciatic nerve axonal degeneration. Moreover, donepezil did not inhibit the anti-tumor activity of oxaliplatin in any cultured cancer cell line. Therefore, donepezil may be useful for managing oxaliplatin-induced peripheral neuropathy.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of pharmacological sciences
Oxaliplatin is a third-generation platinum drug commonly used as the first line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. Oxaliplatin-based anticancer regimens course with dose-limiting neurotoxicity...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the participation of the endothelin ET and ET receptors and the effects of bosentan in oxaliplatin-induced peripheral sensory neuropathy (OIN) in mice. Adult male...
Oxaliplatin is widely used in the treatment of gastrointestinal malignancies. One of the most common and dose-limiting side effects of oxaliplatin is the chronic peripheral sensory neuropathy. The mec...
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This study evaluates the investigational drug PledOx in the prevention of chronic chemotherapy induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) induced by the drug oxaliplatin.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of PROCRIT (epoetin alfa, a glycoprotein that stimulates red blood cell production) versus placebo in patients with canc...
This study will be conducted to evaluate the effect of vitamin B12 and vitamin B6 in delaying the onset and reducing the incidence and severity of Vincristine Induced Peripheral Neuropathy...
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Oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy is a major dose-limiting side effect in patients with colorectal cancer treated with the FOLFOX chemotherapy regimen. Hypersensitivity to cold is the sensory...
A condition where damage to the peripheral nervous system (including the peripheral elements of the autonomic nervous system) is associated with chronic ingestion of alcoholic beverages. The disorder may be caused by a direct effect of alcohol, an associated nutritional deficiency, or a combination of factors. Clinical manifestations include variable degrees of weakness; ATROPHY; PARESTHESIAS; pain; loss of reflexes; sensory loss; diaphoresis; and postural hypotension. (From Arch Neurol 1995;52(1):45-51; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1146)
Peripheral, autonomic, and cranial nerve disorders that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS. These conditions usually result from diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (VASA NERVORUM). Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third nerve palsy (see OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES); MONONEUROPATHY; mononeuropathy multiplex; diabetic amyotrophy; a painful POLYNEUROPATHY; autonomic neuropathy; and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1325)
Nervous system infections caused by tick-borne spirochetes of the BORRELIA BURGDORFERI GROUP. The disease may affect elements of the central or peripheral nervous system in isolation or in combination. Common clinical manifestations include a lymphocytic meningitis, cranial neuropathy (most often a facial neuropathy), POLYRADICULOPATHY, and a mild loss of memory and other cognitive functions. Less often more extensive inflammation involving the central nervous system (encephalomyelitis) may occur. In the peripheral nervous system, B. burgdorferi infection is associated with mononeuritis multiplex and polyradiculoneuritis. (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):182-91)
Disorder of the peripheral nerves that primarily impair small nerve fibers. The affected small nerve fibers include myelinated A-delta fibers (see A FIBERS) and unmyelinated C FIBERS. Because these small fibers innervate skin and help control autonomic function, their neuropathy presents with neuropathic pain, reduced thermal and pain sensitivity, and autonomic dysfunction (e.g. abnormal sweating or facial flushing). Small fiber neuropathy can be idiopathic or associated with underlying diseases (e.g., AMYLOIDOSIS; DIABETES MELLITUS; SARCOIDOSIS; or VASCULITIS).
A dideoxynucleoside compound in which the 3'-hydroxy group on the sugar moiety has been replaced by a hydrogen. This modification prevents the formation of phosphodiester linkages which are needed for the completion of nucleic acid chains. The compound is a potent inhibitor of HIV replication at low concentrations, acting as a chain-terminator of viral DNA by binding to reverse transcriptase. Its principal toxic side effect is axonal degeneration resulting in peripheral neuropathy.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...