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A rat model of placental inflammation explains the unexplained elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes.

08:00 EDT 5th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A rat model of placental inflammation explains the unexplained elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes."

It has been reported in numerous studies that elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MS-AFP) is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes (APO), such as pre-eclampsia, stillbirth, preterm birth and fetal growth restriction. However, the mechanism linking elevated MS-AFP and APO is obscure. In this study, we tried to explore the mechanism by using pregnant rats.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
ISSN: 1447-0756
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The first alpha-globulins to appear in mammalian sera during development of the embryo and the dominant serum proteins in early embryonic life. They reappear in the adult serum during certain pathologic states, primarily hepatocellular carcinoma. They may also be elevated in the amniotic fluid and maternal serum during pregnancy in ANENCEPHALY.

Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.

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A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).

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