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Endometrial mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (eMSCs) exhibit excellent regenerative capacity in the endometrial lining of the uterus following menstruation and high proliferative capacity in vitro. Bioprinting eMSCs onto a mesh could be a potential therapy for Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP). This study reports an alternative treatment strategy targeting vaginal wall repair using bioprinting of eMSCs encapsulated in a hydrogel and 3D melt electrospun mesh to generate a tissue engineering construct. Following a CAD, 3D printed poly ε-caprolactone (PCL) meshes were fabricated using melt electrospinning (MES) at different temperatures using a GMP clinical grade GESIM Bioscaffolder. Electron and atomic force microscopies revealed that MES meshes fabricated at 100°C and with a speed 20 mm/sec had the largest open pore diameter (47.2 ± 11.4 μm) and the lowest strand thickness (121.4 ± 46 μm) that promoted optimal eMSC attachment. An Aloe Vera-Sodium Alginate (AV-ALG) composite based hydrogel was optimised to a 1:1 mixture (1%AV-1%ALG) and eMSCs, purified from human endometrial biopsies, were then bioprinted in this hydrogel onto the MES printed meshes. Acute in vivo foreign body response assessment in NSG mice revealed that eMSC printed on MES constructs promoted tissue integration, eMSC retention and an anti-inflammatory M2 macrophage phenotype characterised by F4/80CD206 colocalization. Our results address an unmet medical need highlighting the potential of 3D bioprinted eMSC-MES meshes as an alternative approach to overcome the current challenges with non-degradable knitted meshes in POP treatment. STATEMENT OF
This study presents the first report of bioprinting mesenchymal stem cells derived from woman endometrium (eMSCs) to boost Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) treatment. It impacts over 50% of elderly women with no optimal treatment at present. The overall study is conducted in three stages as fabricating a melt electrospun (MES) mesh, bioprinting eMSCs into a Ca2+ free Aloe Vera-Alginate (AV-Alg) based hydrogel and in vivo study. Our data showed that AV-ALG hydrogel potentially suppresses the foreign body response and further addition of eMSCs triggered a high influx of anti-inflammatory CD206 M2 macrophages. Our final construct demonstrates a favourable foreign body response to predict expected tissue integration, therefore, provides a potential for developing an alternative treatment for POP.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Acta biomaterialia
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Neoplasms of the endometrial stroma that sometimes involve the MYOMETRIUM. These tumors contain cells that may closely or remotely resemble the normal stromal cells. Endometrial stromal neoplasms are divided into three categories: (1) benign stromal nodules; (2) low-grade stromal sarcoma, or endolymphatic stromal myosis; and (3) malignant endometrial stromal sarcoma (SARCOMA, ENDOMETRIAL STROMAL).
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The malignant stem cells of TERATOCARCINOMAS, which resemble pluripotent stem cells of the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS. The EC cells can be grown in vitro, and experimentally induced to differentiate. They are used as a model system for studying early embryonic cell differentiation.
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