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TRAF3IP3 mediates the recruitment of TRAF3 to MAVS for antiviral innate immunity.

08:00 EDT 7th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "TRAF3IP3 mediates the recruitment of TRAF3 to MAVS for antiviral innate immunity."

RIG-I-MAVS antiviral signaling represents an important pathway to stimulate interferon production and confer innate immunity to the host. Upon binding to viral RNA and Riplet-mediated polyubiquitination, RIG-I promotes prion-like aggregation and activation of MAVS. MAVS subsequently induces interferon production by activating two signaling pathways mediated by TBK1-IRF3 and IKK-NF-κB respectively. However, the mechanism underlying the activation of MAVS downstream pathways remains elusive. Here, we demonstrated that activation of TBK1-IRF3 by MAVS-Region III depends on its multimerization state and identified TRAF3IP3 as a critical regulator for the downstream signaling. In response to virus infection, TRAF3IP3 is accumulated on mitochondria and thereby facilitates the recruitment of TRAF3 to MAVS for TBK1-IRF3 activation. Traf3ip3-deficient mice demonstrated a severely compromised potential to induce interferon production and were vulnerable to RNA virus infection. Our findings uncover that TRAF3IP3 is an important regulator for RIG-I-MAVS signaling, which bridges MAVS and TRAF3 for an effective antiviral innate immune response.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The EMBO journal
ISSN: 1460-2075
Pages: e102075

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An SH2 domain-containing non-receptor tyrosine kinase that regulates signal transduction downstream of a variety of receptors including B-CELL ANTIGEN RECEPTORS. It functions in both INNATE IMMUNITY and ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY and also mediates signaling in CELL ADHESION; OSTEOGENESIS; PLATELET ACTIVATION; and vascular development.

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Cytosolic signaling adaptor proteins that were initially discovered by their role in the innate immunity (IMMUNITY, INNATE) response of organisms that lack an adaptive immune system. This class of proteins contains three domains, a C-terminal ligand recognition domain, an N-terminal effector-binding domain, and a centrally located nuclear-binding oligomerization domain. Many members of this class contain a C-terminal leucine rich domain which binds to PEPTIDOGLYCAN on the surface of BACTERIA and plays a role in pathogen resistance.

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