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Aberrant DNA methylation pattern may enhance susceptibility to migraine: A novel perspective.

08:00 EDT 9th August 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Aberrant DNA methylation pattern may enhance susceptibility to migraine: A novel perspective."

In today's world migraine is one of the most frequent disorder with an estimated world prevalence of 14.7% characterized by attacks of a severe headache making people enfeebled and imposing the big socioeconomic burden. The pathophysiology of a migraine is not completely understood however there are pieces of evidence that epigenetics performs a primary role in the pathophysiology of migraine. Here, in this review, we highlight current evidence for an epigenetic link with a migraine in particular DNA methylation of numerous genes involved in migraine pathogenesis. Outcomes of various studies have explained the function of DNA methylation of a several migraine related genes such as RAMP1, CALCA, NOS1, ESR1, MTHFR and NR4A3 in migraine pathogenesis.

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Name: CNS & neurological disorders drug targets
ISSN: 1996-3181
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Enzymes that are part of the restriction-modification systems. They are responsible for producing a species-characteristic methylation pattern, on either adenine or cytosine residues, in a specific short base sequence in the host cell's own DNA. This methylated sequence will occur many times in the host-cell DNA and remain intact for the lifetime of the cell. Any DNA from another species which gains entry into a living cell and lacks the characteristic methylation pattern will be recognized by the restriction endonucleases of similar specificity and destroyed by cleavage. Most have been studied in bacterial systems, but a few have been found in eukaryotic organisms.

An enzyme responsible for producing a species-characteristic methylation pattern on adenine residues in a specific short base sequence in the host cell DNA. The enzyme catalyzes the methylation of DNA adenine in the presence of S-adenosyl-L-methionine to form DNA containing 6-methylaminopurine and S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine. EC 2.1.1.72.

A DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase that contains a central CxxC type zinc finger motif. It binds poly(ADP)-ribose and its expression is regulated by POLY (ADP-RIBOSE) POLYMERASE-1. DNMT1 methylates CpG residues, with a preference for hemimethylated DNA, and associates with DNA replication sites in S PHASE to maintain the methylation pattern in the newly synthesized strand, which is essential for EPIGENETIC PROCESSES. It also associates with CHROMATIN during G2 PHASE and MITOSIS to maintain DNA methylation independently of replication. It is responsible for maintaining methylation patterns established in development; mutations in the DNMT1 gene are associated with HEREDITARY SENSORY NEUROPATHY TYPE 1 class E.

A class of disabling primary headache disorders, characterized by recurrent unilateral pulsatile headaches. The two major subtypes are common migraine (without aura) and classic migraine (with aura or neurological symptoms). (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)

A subtype of migraine disorder, characterized by recurrent attacks of reversible neurological symptoms (aura) that precede or accompany the headache. Aura may include a combination of sensory disturbances, such as blurred VISION; HALLUCINATIONS; VERTIGO; NUMBNESS; and difficulty in concentrating and speaking. Aura is usually followed by features of the COMMON MIGRAINE, such as PHOTOPHOBIA; PHONOPHOBIA; and NAUSEA. (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)

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