Discovery of β-carboline copper(II) complexes as Mcl-1 inhibitor and in vitro and in vivo activity in cancer models.

08:00 EDT 30th July 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Discovery of β-carboline copper(II) complexes as Mcl-1 inhibitor and in vitro and in vivo activity in cancer models."

Mcl-1 is an anti-apoptotic member of Bcl-2 family proteins. The development of inhibitors of Mcl-1 has been challenging. To develop metal-based Mcl-1inhibitors, twenty two copper(II) complexes 25-46 with 9-substituted β-carboline derivatives were reported. Complexes 38 and 39 showed higher cytotoxicity than the corresponding ligands or cisplatin. The most potent complex 39 presented higher selectivity to Mcl-1 than other Bcl-2 family proteins, and killed cancer cells via Bax/Bak mediated apoptosis. Complex 39 showed an excellent safety profile in mouse model, and significantly inhibited the tumor growth in NCI-H460 tumor bearing model, which is more potent than AZD5991 at the same dosage. Complex 39 prolonged the survival time of the tumor bearing mice. Complex 39 is the first metal-based Mcl-1 inhibitor acting as a potential anticancer agent.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European journal of medicinal chemistry
ISSN: 1768-3254
Pages: 111567


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

P-type ATPases which transport copper ions across membranes in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. They possess a conserved CYSTEINE-HISTIDINE-SERINE (CPx) amino acid motif within their transmembrane helices that functions in cation translocation and catalytic activation, and an N-terminal copper-binding CxxC motif that regulates enzyme activity. They play essential roles in intracellular copper homeostasis through regulating the uptake, efflux and storage of copper ions, and in cuproprotein biosynthesis.

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A member of the family of TISSUE INHIBITOR OF METALLOPROTEINASES. It is a 21-kDa nonglycosylated protein found in tissue fluid and is secreted as a complex with progelatinase A by human fibroblast and uncomplexed from alveolar macrophages. An overexpression of TIMP-2 has been shown to inhibit invasive and metastatic activity of tumor cells and decrease tumor growth in vivo.


A copper-containing dye used as a gelling agent for lubricants, for staining of bacteria and for the dyeing of histiocytes and fibroblasts in vivo.

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